AdolF11Lecture8PostPDF

AdolF11Lecture8PostPDF - Office Hours • Mine: Tues 9-11...

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Unformatted text preview: Office Hours • Mine: Tues 9-11 or by appt – Tillett Hall, Rm 101 (Psych. Dept. Office) • TA: Kris Mescher – Tues 11:00 - 1:00 – Tillett rm 629 – kmescher@eden.rutgers.edu 1 Friday, September 30, 2011 Identity Development: Erikson • • • • • A short biography 1902-1994 Frankfurt, Germany Mother Karla Abrahamsen; Jewish “Unknown” biological father; Danish Salomonsen L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erik Erikson • Stepfather: Theodor Homburger; Jewish – – • Outsider – – – L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erik Erikson • Art School - not Med school • Vienna – Taught art at Hietzing School – Met – Teaching degree; Montessori certificate; Psychoanalytic certificate – Married – Fled Nazis to Copenhagen; US L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erik Erikson in US • US citizen 1939: Erik Erikson – – • Psychoanalyst - private practice • Lecturer, researcher – Harvard, Yale, UC-Berkeley – • Writer L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erik Erikson • PsychoSocial Theory of Development – “Neo-Freudian” • • • • Less emphasis on than Freud – Cultural Anthropology • Role of culture/society in child’s development L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erikson’s Theory • Universal – • But also – – L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erikson’s “8 Stages of Man” • Psychosocial dilemma/crisis – 1 crisis – 2 opposing outcomes; continuum – Successful resolution = – Success/failure – Never L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erikson’s 8 Stages of Man • Stage 1: vs (birth to 1yr) – Crisis: • • – Balance • • – Negative outcome • • Friday, September 30, 2011 L. Dickson 2010 Erikson’s 8 Stages of Man • Stg 2: vs (1-2yrs) – Crisis: • New abilities: walking, talking, creating, potty control; appropriate behaviors • Becoming an independent, creative person • – Balance • – Negative outcome • • Friday, September 30, 2011 L. Dickson 2010 Erikson’s 8 Stages of Man • Stage 3: v (3-5yrs) – • Stage 4: v (6-12yrs) – L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erikson’s 8 Stages of Man • Positive resolution of Stages 1-4 – Mutual and others – Will to be – Ability to – Ability to L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erikson’s 8 Stages of Man • Negative resolution of Stages 1-4 – – – Inhibition of – Feelings of L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erikson’s 8 Stages of Man • Stage 5: vs – Who am I? • Sense of • Integrate – Balance • – Negative • • L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erikson’s 8 Stages of Man • Societal/Cultural Influences – US Modern/Democracy • • – Totalitarian • – – Traditional • – – • will be different L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Erikson’s 8 Stages of Man • What is Identity? – How do you know if someone “has” one? – How do you know if they are “searching?” – How do you quantify a “successful resolution” of Stage 5? – How do you measure “role confusion?” • Research requires L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Operational Definition • Definition that includes how the variable • EG: Academic Success – – – • EG: Popularity – – – L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Measures: Valid and Reliable • Validity – – EG: Ruler is measure of • – EG: How fast can you run 100 yards? • Stopwatch • Self-Report – – L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Measures: Valid and Reliable • Reliability – • • – EG: ruler - not L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 James Marcia • Expanded on Erikson’s Theory – Operationalized Identity and Identity Search • Developed semi-structured interview to asses 2 variables – – • L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 Marcia’s Identity Measures • Sample Questions - Identity – “How willing do you think you’d be to give up going into____ if something better came along?” ( ) – “Have you ever had any doubts about your religious beliefs?” ( ) • Other measures ( ) – – L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 C o m m i PRESENT t m e ABSENT n t CRISIS PAST PRESENT NEVER xxx L. Dickson 2010 Friday, September 30, 2011 ...
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