Ch3 - Chapter 3 Outline Individual-Level Approaches to...

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Chapter 3 Outline Individual-Level Approaches to Understanding Women’s Lives 1. Introduction a. Sex/gender system i. The overall distribution of tangible and intangible resources between men and women, ii. The distribution of labor between men and women, and the societal-level patterns of norms, interactions, and activities that distinguish and define men and women. 2. What difference does a person’s gender make? a. Life expectancy is much higher in wealthier developed countries than among poorer one’s i. Women live on average 7 years longer than men ii. African Americans on average have a shorter life expectancy b. Masculinity, Femininity, and Character i. Not just descriptive terms; they are normative (value judgments) as well ii. Androgyny- personality comprises both masculine and feminine characteristics (cognitively flexible) iii. Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) 1974 c. Cognitive Traits, Personality, Attitudes, and Interaction Styles i. Men and women have different balances of personality and cognitive traits and tend to use different personal styles in social interaction ii. Cognitive traits and skills 1. Visuospacial skills a. women use landmarks to find their way through space b. men use broader concepts like north or south
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Ch3 - Chapter 3 Outline Individual-Level Approaches to...

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