Icelandic Society

Icelandic Society - Discuss the nature of Icelandic society...

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Discuss the nature of Icelandic society around 1000 CE. In the absence of a state, how did they keep law and order? Around 1000 C.E there was a lack of a centralized state in Icelandic societies. They placed great emphasis on a legal system that gave its citizens equal opportunity through legal justice. These societies were tittering between a tribal archaic society whose code of law was violence and brutality to one that was exceedingly developed and civilized through its advanced legal system. We can derive these contrasting ideas from the epic stories in Njal Saga, which are immediately apparent in the commencement of the book. Mord who is a chief and well known around the community as a good lawyer agrees upon a set amount of payment for his daughters hand in marriage. Unna becomes unhappy with her new husband and decides she wants a divorce. The divorce is granted but Hrut decides to keep Unna’s dower. Mord sues Hrut in order to retain his daughters dower. Hrut who is incapable of repayment decides to challenge Mord to a duel for what is owed to him. Mord declines the
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