Lesson 1 - Definition of Health Psychology Health Psychology Understanding of psychological influences on how people stay healthy why they become

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Definition of Health Psychology Health Psychology - Understanding of psychological influences on how people stay healthy, why they become ill, and how they respond when they do get ill. - Health psychologists study issues and promote interventinons to help people stay well or get over illness - WHO (World Health Organization) o Health: a complete state of physical, mental and social well-being o Not merely the absence of disease or infirmity - Welness: optimum state of health What is Health psychology? o Concerned with all spects of health and illnness across the lifespan o Health promotion and maintenance How to get children to develop good health habits How to promote regular exercise How to design a media campaing to improve diets o The prevention and treatment of illness Teach people in high-stress occupation to manage stress Help ill people adjust to illness or follow treatment regimen o Etilogy and correlates of health and disfunction Etiology: the oringins/causes of ilness Health psychologists are interested in behavioral and social factors that contribute to health/illness Ex. Smoking, exercise, coping with stress, etc. . o Improve the health care system and formulation of health policy Impact of health instgitutions and professionals on people’s behaviour Develop recommendation to improve health care Why do we need health psychology? - At the beginnign of previous century, infectious disesases were major cause of illness o Ex. Tuberculosis, pneumonia, and influenza - Now, chronic diseases are the maain causes of disability/death o Ex. Heat disease, cancer and diabetes The Mind-Body Relationship: A Brief History - Prehistory o Mind and body intetwined o Diseases arise whel evil spirits entered body o o Treatment – attempt to exorcise spirits - Ancient Greeks o Identify role of bodily factors in health/ilness o Humoral theory of illness Diseases arise when four humours are out of balance o Personality types associated with each of four humours
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o Greeks ascribed diseases to bodiy factors but believed psychological factors could also have an effect - Middle Ages o Supernatural explanations o Disease was God’s punishment for evil doing o Cure – torturing the body or penance through prayer o Chruch guardian of medical knowledge - Renaissance o Invnetion of microscope o Development of autospy o Focus on organic and cellular pathology Psychoanalytic Contributions - Sigmund Freud o Unconscious conflicts can produce physical disturbances that symbolize repressed psychological conflcits o Patient converts conflcit into symptom via voluntary nervous system o He/she then becomes free of anixety that conflict would otherwise produce o Ex. Tremors, sudden loss of speech or hearing, etc. . Psychosomatic Medicine
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This note was uploaded on 10/09/2011 for the course PSY PSY3201 taught by Professor Dr.maryryders during the Spring '11 term at University of Ottawa.

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Lesson 1 - Definition of Health Psychology Health Psychology Understanding of psychological influences on how people stay healthy why they become

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