L5 - Weight Control - Dietary factors related to health and...

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Weight Control - Dietary factors related to health and disease o Chronic dieters increase their chances of getting cancer incidents by 20% o Limits of diets: easy to maintain 6 months to a year. It has been shown that most dieters relapse from a diet program after 6 months. - Factors associated with maintaining change o Monitoring and relapse prevention Monitoring- Observing what we’re doing that works Relapse prevention- being aware that there will be ups/downs Stress level varies Pinpointing different strategies to go ahead of obstacles before we are faced with them o Self-efficacy Key individual factors that makes a great difference Sensing we are competent and efficient and that we have control over our behaviors Getting resources that we need to accomplish goals Ex. Exercises targeted to specific goals. Informational knowledge will increase our sense of self- efficacy. o Family support Supporting and joining in the venture Encouraging- people that give positive rather than negative feedback and making good comments about progress o Perceived benefits Trying to focus on level of progress and self-encouragement Rather than focusing on negatives, focusing on positives Remembering benefits we obtain from maintaining our goal Ex. Healthy weight Studies on weight regulation and motivation: Strong link between motivation and maintenance and achievement of goal Ex. Eating regulation and weight control More intrinsically framed goals, the higher the motivation will be and the higher the likelihood of sustaining and achieving the goal Ex. Intrinsic (healthy) and extrinsic (look good) Motivation is the strongest predictor in any type of dietary behavior (maintenance and changes for the better) Roles of Stress on Eating o Affect different people in different ways Quantity of food consumed Some people eat more when stressed and some people will eat less Men tend to eat less when stressed and women tend to eat more Nondieters vs. dieters Nondieters tend to suppress their eating more during situations of stress
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Dieters (used to suppressing eating)- fail in eating regulation during situations of stress. Situational factors (types of stress) will influence how we regulate our eating o Influence types of food consumed Quality of food We tend to eat less healthy food We want things to be quick and easy We don’t want to think about things Soothing affect “biologically” for sugary foods Planning head will come in handy: Ex. If you expect to be stressed during the weak, make sure you don’t by junk food when doing groceries Eating habits
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L5 - Weight Control - Dietary factors related to health and...

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