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L6. Eating Disorders - Eating Disorders Eating Disorders o...

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Eating Disorders - Eating Disorders o Use of extreme measures for controlling weight or avoiding weight gain - Methods o Excessive exercise, fasting, use of laxative, cigarettes, diet pills, etc.. - Growing Social Problem o Prevalence o Pursuit of thinness - American Psychiatric Association (1994) - World Health Organization (1997) o Described as a disorder in 1997 o Research is in its infancy - Three main disorders: o Anorexia nervosa: self-starvation Constant pursuit of thinness marked by unattainable personal standards Refrain from eating Have tricky ways of pretending that they’re eating One of the most prevalent disorders Obsessive disorder- have low sense of control Turn to weight in order to get sense of control from at least one domain in their lives o Bulimia nervosa: binge eating and purging Alternate cycle of binge eating (huge consumption of food) and purging (excessive exercise, dieting or throwing up) Cycle can occur within a day! o Binge eating: excessive consumption of food Also a control problem Tend to eat poor, unhealthy foods In the past, o Depression, anxiety, low-selfesteem, and low body image were consequences of being bulimic or anorexic. o However, we have discovered that these are the antecedents to eating disorders o Ex. Depression is a target characteristic that we can target ahead of time in at risk populations to prevent the dev’t of eating disorders - Treatment is difficult, because anorexic and bulimic people know that they have a problem o Continue pursuing the behaviors in order to regain a sense of control in their lives o Disorder is psychological: Imabalance in the way the person perceives themselves and how much control they have in their life - Eating disorders is failure in health-enhancing behaviors (eating regulation and weight control) Health-Compromising Behaviors
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- What are HCB? o Behaviors that undermine or arm one’s current or future health o Usually seen as a failure in health-enhancing behaviors Failure - Examples . Smoking, drugs, unsafe sex, not wearing sunscreen, risk-taking behaviors (getting into a car and not wearing your seat belt) dangerous sports, alcoholism, etc.. Some health-compromising behaviors are not perceived as such because the effects are long-term. - To some extent, health-compromising behaviors have a short-term benefit (relief of stress and depression). If used in moderation, the effects of health-compromising behaviors are not felt until later. - To identify whether a behavior is health-compromising, the immediate and long-term effects need to be analyzed. - Most are habitual, but several are addictive o Habits- highly integrated in one’s life o Thus, health-compromising behaviors are difficult to change They are integrated in our “life style” They are part of who we are and how we identify ourselves Ingrained in the personality of an individual Ex. “Yes, I am a smoker”.
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