Hist 130 20th Century Africa 5

Hist 130 20th Century Africa 5 - 21:06 Orientation

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21:06 Orientation Armed confrontation opened the doors to diplomacy, defeat, and (more rarely)  continued autonomy Early resistance movements mobilized along military, religious, cultural, and intellectual  lines Religious, cultural, and intellectual resistance would last longer Situation of tense coexistence also took hold, where frontier situations of balance and  exchange turned to closed systems of political and economic dependence Summary Point – advent of colonialism created patterns of domination and resistance –  this is one historical model for understanding modern African history  What about the possibility of accommodation? Is modern African history only about conflict? Are there other patterns of history also taking hold? What do accommodation or coexistence mean? How was colonialism part of a longstanding process of integrating Africa into the world  economy? Coexistence and Accommodation in Economic Realm: An Overview European intervention sought to build upon existing economies of production and trade Sought greater control over production, price of raw material, and export/import trade Creation of imperial “free-trade” zones African authorities, businessmen, and producers also sought to build upon existing  economies of production and trade Sought to maintain control and autonomy over production, prices, and trade If political autonomy was lost, there still existed a desire to maintain sense of economic  autonomy Summary Point – confrontation and integration of these interests would create situations  of competition, conflict, and coexistence
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Colonialism and the Global Economy: An Overview Imperialism as search for resources and new markets How are local and regional economies integrated into the global economy? World systems theory (I. Wallerstein) – model of history, since 15 th  century, that you  have fundamental changes that bring about global capitalism Center-periphery model (Europe at the center of imperialism) Modern world system since 16 th  century Spread of capitalism  Historical shifts in modes of production (producing wealth) kin-ordered mode of production local (family, village level) labor production secured through relations Tributary (feudal) mode of production taxation capitalist mode of production rise of currency wealth produced by keeping wages low and/or raising production to highest possible  level  Summary Point – colonialism in principle involved further integration into world economy  and an economic shift from kin and tributary modes of production to capitalist mode of 
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2011 for the course HIST 130 taught by Professor Lindsay during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Hist 130 20th Century Africa 5 - 21:06 Orientation

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