Hist 130 20th Century Africa 6

Hist 130 20th Century Africa 6 - 21:07 SummaryPoints

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21:07 Summary Points 1). States were key intermediaries between the metropole and local communities.  Enabled economic integration 2). States were dependent on a number of factors: financing, policies, settlers, African  concerns. State formation was uneven across the continent, with strong and weak  states 3). States reflected a tense balance between liberal enlightenment ideals of political  equality and Darwinist ideas of racial difference 4). States maintained power by involving African officials within the state bureaucracy Orientation: ways of understanding modern African history (thus far) economic motives of colonialism: realm of economic history the role of states in mediating and maintaining interests: realm of political history interaction between economics priorities and state behavior African resistance: is resistance the only Questions for this week What about the cultural impact of colonialism? what about “everyday life” as a realm of history? how did African economic and political participation lead to cultural change? how was colonialism negotiated at the everyday level? how was European “civilization” embraced or rejected by African communities? why must the expression “modern” be understood as not European in origin, but as n  intersection of African and European cultures, styles, taste, etc. ? Cultural history: Continuity and Change Cultural change as a pre-existing process
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Trade on the west and east coasts of Africa Ethiopian Christian church established in the 4 th  century 19 th  century missionaries were not the first literacy Islam introduced during the 8 th  century continuity of local cultural practices colonialism’s impact was uneven and at times “shallow” (Anthony Appiah) “syncretism”: hybridization of cultural beliefs religion New patterns of cultural history Economic change and consumer taste Provided new manufacture goods introduced currencies transformed nature of labor, wealth, and inheritance economic change was slow 1885-1910: investment of European capital was low market change was consequently slow exception: South Africa political change and identity new political ideas that challenged political and cultural status quo invention of ethnic identities: indirect rule
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category of race nod experience of racism racism felt on everyday basis: outcome of colonial rule race as a means of anti-colonial political solidarity Pan-Africanism Cultural life and changing demography 1880 to WWI: decline in population growth increase in mortality due to shifting political and economic concerns post WWI: increase in population growth 142-165 mil. (1920-35) economies had stabilized infrastructure provided food access, medical care: famines and epidemics could be 
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Hist 130 20th Century Africa 6 - 21:07 SummaryPoints

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