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Unformatted text preview: Key Questions: What strategies were undertaken to spread activism and nationalism? How did nationalism translate at the local level? How did African nationalism vary between French, British, and Portuguese colonies? How did it vary between settler colonies and non-settler colonies? What were its limits and why did nationalism ultimately fail during this period? The Politics of Reform: The Case of West Africa Urban in location (like in North Africa) Not seeking revolutions as in Egypt: seeking reform instead Factors of reform Loyalism during WWI Limited options (colonial racism) Economic crises Influence of pan-Africanism Formation of youth leagues Aspect of urbanization Ethnic in orientation Igbo unions formed in Lagos, Ibadan New elite formed membership Ghana: 50 associations founded between 1925-30 Broader umbrella organization resulted Ghana: Youth Conference Movement (1929) Ghana and Sierra Leone: West African Youth League Nigeria: Nigerian Youth Movement (1934) Reformist in orientation: educational reform, more jobs, higher wages, less discrimination Took part in local politics, strikes Trade unions Railway Workers Union of Sierra Leone Nigerian Mechanics Union (1919) Strategy: strikes, work slowdowns, boycotts Reformist: seeking better wages, labor conditions, jobs...
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- Fall '08