CH 16 Schooling and Disabilities PSYC 2076

CH 16 Schooling and Disabilities PSYC 2076 -...

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Schooling and Disabilities Child Psychology Summer 2011
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Schools and Achievement Contemporary Approaches to Student Learning  and Assessment The Constructivist Approach A learner-centered approach that emphasizes the  importance of individuals actively constructing their  knowledge and understanding with guidance from the  teacher. The Direct Instruction Approach A structured, teacher-centered approach that is  characterized by teacher direction and control, high teacher  expectations for students’ progress, maximum time spent by  students on academic tasks, and efforts by the teacher to  keep negative affect to a minimum.
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Early Childhood Education The foundation of early childhood education has  been the child centered kindergarten. Nurturing is a key aspect Emphasizes the education of the whole child Instruction is organized around the child’s needs,  interests, and learning styles. Emphasis in on the process of learning, rather than  on what is learned.
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The Montessori Approach While studying children with disabilities, Maria  Montessori developed a philosophy of education in  which children are given considerable freedom and  spontaneity in choosing activities. Montessori Philosophies Children can learn from birth—so teach them Group children with different ages Child-size everything “Absorbent Mind” “Follow the child”
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Inappropriate Education Developmentally appropriate practice Based on knowledge of the typical development of  children within an age span (age appropriateness) as  well as the uniqueness of the child (individual  appropriateness) Desired outcomes include thinking critically, working  cooperatively, solving problems, developing self- regulatory skills, and enjoying learning. Developmentally inappropriate practice
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This note was uploaded on 10/11/2011 for the course PSYC, PSYC 2076, 2060 taught by Professor Briganti,gustan,perlis,namikas,wheeler during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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CH 16 Schooling and Disabilities PSYC 2076 -...

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