ch6 PSYC 2060 - Cognitive Learning Theories Cognitive...

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Cognitive Learning Theories Cognitive Learning Theories
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Learning = Memory Learning = Memory Learning is the ability to retain (i.e., memorize) Learning is the process that produces memory Learning takes place in the mind Behavior change isn’t as important as change in mental structure
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Cognitive Theories of Cognitive Theories of Learning Learning Information Processing Theory – describes the processing, storage, and retrieval of knowledge in the mind External stimulus Sensory Register Short term (working) memory or Forgotten  Long term memory or Forgotten
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Information Processing Model Information Processing Model Sensory register component of the memory system in which information is received from senses and held for very short periods of time (e.g. a second or less) It either goes into short term (working) memory or it is forgotten. Hearing, Smelling, Seeing, Touching, and Taste Importance: Students must pay attention to information if they are to retain it. Students should not be bombarded with too much information at once. Instruction targeting multiple senses increases likelihood of gaining attention and facilitating retention Ex: if a teacher has an example or orally says info. The students have better chance to remember the info.
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Information Processing Model: Information Processing Model: Key Concepts Key Concepts Perception – a person’s interpretation of stimuli Influenced by mental state, past experience, many other factors Attention – active focus on certain stimuli to the exclusion of others; is a limited resource Determines which stimuli will receive further processing and possibly be stored into memory
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Factors that Affect Attention Factors that Affect Attention 1. Size: things that stand out in size (mini-me) 2. Intensity: bright and loud stimuli (girls infront of me laughing in class; neon signs) 3. Novelty: new and unusual things ( the US dollar coins with presidents as tips for waitors) 4. Incongruity: things that don’t make sense within a given context (a pregnant guy; demi moore preg. w/ bruce willis on vanity fair cover showing her belly & a few months later they came out w/ cover of willis wit preg belly; unnatrural colored hair) 5. Emotion: stimuli with strong emotional attachment ( LSU gam; broadway play if you are emotional) 6. Personal Significance: stimuli personally important to us
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Student Attention Student Attention No attention means no learning, BUT just paying attention does not ensure learning Ways teachers can gain attention: 1. Use cues that indicate something is important This will be on the test,” or “This is important” 1. Increase the emotional content of the material 2. Use unusual, inconsistent, or surprising stimuli 3. Inform students that what follows is
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Do you remember? Do you remember?
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This note was uploaded on 10/11/2011 for the course PSYC, PSYC 2076, 2060 taught by Professor Briganti,gustan,perlis,namikas,wheeler during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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ch6 PSYC 2060 - Cognitive Learning Theories Cognitive...

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