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STUDY GUIDE FINAL EXAM
Know what a conditioned stimulus and response, an unconditioned stimulus and response,
and a neutral stimulus are. (Reference Pavlov/Skinner)
: previously neutral stimulus
: response to conditioned stimulus
: a stimulus that produces an automatic physiological response
the automatic response to an unconditioned stimulus
: A stimulus that does not have an automatic response
What is Operant Conditioning? What is Classical Conditioning?
: Learning by consequences, Involves behavior that is selected by its
consequences; the consequences of behavior produce changes in the future likelihood of
Learning by pairing, theory of respondent conditioning, learning
by association or pairing, conditioned reflexes
What is the Premack principle and why is it important to education?
– “know as grandma’s rule,” states that reinforcing activities can be
used to increase participation in less reinforcing activities
Examples: If you complete the assignment, the entire class will get to play outside/ clean
your room, then you get to have someone over/ if you get >80% in this class, you can opt
out of taking the final
Know the different types of reinforcement and the different types of punishment.
: behaviors that result in contact with pleasant or preferred
: behaviors that lead to avoidance of, or escape from, unpleasant
or non-preferred experiences
: behaviors that result in unpleasant or non-preferred experiences
: behaviors that lead to loss, cessation, or reduction of pleasant or
Study the different types of play related to child development.
: occurs alone, often with toys, and is independent of what other children
: children engage in the same activity side by side but with very little
interaction or mutual influence
: much like parallel play but with increased levels of interaction in the
form of sharing, turn taking, and general interest in what others are doing
: children join together to achieve a common goal
What is evidence-based practice in education and how is it used?
Involves selecting and delivering services that have been demonstrated scientifically to
improve student outcomes
Strategies that are supported by scientific research are chosen over strategies that lack
Example: Surgeon A uses a procedure that results in a mortality rate of 20% (Uses it
because he likes it, it’s easy, trained on it, is cool). Surgeon B uses a procedure that
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results in a mortality rate of 5% (Uses it because research demonstrates it’s the best
procedure available, although it’s not easy to do and had to be trained in it)
Know the various types of experimental designs and the differences between them. Know
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This note was uploaded on 10/11/2011 for the course PSYC, PSYC 2076, 2060 taught by Professor Briganti,gustan,perlis,namikas,wheeler during the Spring '10 term at LSU.