PSYC 2060 Ch1 - Educational Psychology Research Methods Why...

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Educational Psychology Research Methods
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Why is research important?
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Educational Psychology is a science Well, social science anyways…. The scientific method 1. Define the question 2. Gather information and resources (observe 3. Form hypothesis 4. Perform experiment and collect data to test hypothesis 5. Analyze & interpret data 6. draw conclusions that serve as a starting point for new hypothesis 7. Retest
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What Is Scientifically Based Knowledge? Scientifically based knowledge involves the application of rigorous, systematic , and objective procedures to obtain reliable and valid knowledge relevant to educational activities and programs. Scientifically-based knowledge is: Objective Rules out alternative explanations Involves direct measurement Reliable and valid ** 4
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What Is Scientifically Based Knowledge? Scientifically based knowledge is NOT : Commonsense (“the problem with commonsense is that it’s not so common”) Pseudoscience (4 out of 5 dentists recommend Crest ), not scientific research Nonscience (My Aunt Sarah said it worked for her kids, why can’t it work for these?) Nonsense (Facilitated Communication/Re- birthing/Perceptual-Motor Training/Floor time) Psychology isn’t common sense, it’s helpful to have though. 5
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But isn’t teaching just common sense? Evaluate if statement is true or false, based on your experiences and common sense 1. Grouping students with common abilities together promotes their self-esteem and motivation to learn 2. One effective teaching strategy is to have students complete problems on the board. 3. When teachers reward one student for behaving properly, other students are more likely to behave properly
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Answers 1. Grouping students with common abilities together promotes their self-esteem and motivation to learn False 2. One effective teaching strategy is to have students complete problems on the board False 3. When teachers reward one student for behaving properly, other students are more likely to behave properly True
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The Importance of Research In Education Some questions asked in the field of educational psychology What methods are most effective to teach ____ material ? What factors contribute to the drop-out rate? What can I do to reduce the number of suspension in my school? Is my teaching effective? Should I change my teaching methods?
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Evidence-Based Practice Involves selecting and delivering services that have been demonstrated scientifically to improve student outcomes REMEMBER THIS SLIDE! Strategies that are supported by scientific research are chosen over strategies that lack such support
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Medical Analogy Surgeon A uses a procedure that results in a mortality rate of 20% Uses it because Likes it It’s easy Trained on it Is cool Surgeon B uses a procedure that results in a mortality rate of 5% Uses it because Research demonstrates it’s the best procedure available, although it’s not easy to do and had to be trained in it
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PSYC 2060 Ch1 - Educational Psychology Research Methods Why...

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