This preview shows
1–2. Sign up
view the full content.
Factors influencing temperature:
Latitude: between 38° N and 38°S receives the surplus of sunlight. This can vary
between seasons because of the tilt of the earth
66.5°N – Arctic Circle, 23.5°N Tropic of Cancer, 0° – Equator, 23.5°S –
Tropic of Capricorn, 66.5°S – Antarctic Circle
Doesn’t explain everything
Strongest during the winter time – it gets much more cooler closer
to the north pole then the equator in the winter and not a huge
temperature difference in the summer
This is strongest in the Northern hemisphere because there is more
land – North America and Eurasia
Elevation/altitude: The temperature in the troposphere 6.5°C per 1000 meters.
This is because it is less dense and lower temperatures come with it
Altitude: above the ground, elevation: above sea level
There is also a small day light difference in temperature at a high altitude
but there is a big daylight temperature difference at a high elevation
because there is ground that is warmed up
This explains why places that are located in the tropics but have a high
elevation (Mexico City) are cooler
Cloud cover: if it is cloudy during the day it stays cooler and at night if there is
clouds, it actually stays warmer – more water vapor there is in the air and the
atmosphere will heat up and it will keep it warm at the surface
Depends on the type of cloud cover – the low fluffy clouds do
better with cloud cover and maintaining the heat at night.
Circulation: the atmosphere transports energy
This happens because of wind, storms, jet streams, and air masses
If there was no circulation the warmth would not be spread from one place
to another so the equator would always be extremely hot and the poles
has intentionally blurred sections.
Sign up to view the full version.
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.
This note was uploaded on 10/11/2011 for the course PSYC, PSYC 2076, 2060 taught by Professor Briganti,gustan,perlis,namikas,wheeler during the Spring '10 term at LSU.