May 19, 2011 – DAY 1
What is Geography?
Study of the spatial distribution of phenomena on the earth’s
The study of the spatial arrangement of things and where things are.
What is where?
old geography, over time.
Why do we want to answer “What is where?”
- find out what’s around; people go in and take interest
in what is around them; want to learn more, ability to perceive
things in space. Curiosity is not a real practical reason for
answering this, but there are other reasons, which are more
- where to find land for good agriculture, knowledge of
geography of earth’s surface. Knowledge of Trade Routes was
- use resources to get rich, military reason. Not just
about finding valuable resources to establish military, it’s to
establish new land, culture, etc. When the Carthiginians under
Hannibal were finally able to attack Rome from the backside,
Romans thought this was their turf so they didn’t think to protect
- people looking to spread cultural region, religion.
about 100-200 years old
Geographers realized they had to reinvent themselves to a certain degree,
and began to shift their attention from “What is where?” (can be answered
through description) to “Why?” Why are things where they are? (can be
answered through explanation and understanding).
Involves trying to explain the distribution of things under Earth’s surface.
Human and Physical Geography
- Human Geography studies the peoples’ impact on environment
- Physical Geography focuses on physical environment on everything
Four Spheres within Geography
the solid Earth, mountains, valleys, basins, etc.
water portions of the globe, oceans, rivers, droplets of
water, clouds, evaporated water in the air, soil, water locked up in glaciers
and ice sheets, etc.
the living organisms that populate the globe.
surroundings of the globe