day 1 GEOG 2050 - Geography 2050 DAY 1 CHAPTER 1 What is...

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Geography 2050 May 19, 2011 – DAY 1 CHAPTER 1: What is Geography? Study of the spatial distribution of phenomena on the earth’s surface. The study of the spatial arrangement of things and where things are. - What is where? old geography, over time. - Why do we want to answer “What is where?” - 1. Curiosity - find out what’s around; people go in and take interest  in what is around them; want to learn more, ability to perceive  things in space.  Curiosity is not a real practical reason for  answering this, but there are other reasons, which are more  practical.   2. Economics - where to find land for good agriculture, knowledge of  geography of earth’s surface.  Knowledge of Trade Routes was  important. 3. Political - use resources to get rich, military reason.  Not just  about finding valuable resources to establish military, it’s to  establish new land, culture, etc.  When the Carthiginians under  Hannibal were finally able to attack Rome from the backside,  Romans thought this was their turf so they didn’t think to protect  this. 4. Cultural - people looking to spread cultural region, religion. New Geography about 100-200 years old - Geographers realized they had to reinvent themselves to a certain degree,  and began to shift their attention from “What is where?” (can be answered  through description) to “Why?” Why are things where they are?  (can be  answered through explanation and understanding).   - Involves trying to explain the distribution of things under Earth’s surface.   Human and Physical Geography - Human Geography studies the peoples’ impact on environment     - Physical Geography focuses on physical environment on everything Four Spheres within Geography - Lithosphere   the solid Earth, mountains, valleys, basins, etc. - Hydrosphere   water portions of the globe, oceans, rivers, droplets of  water, clouds, evaporated water in the air, soil, water locked up in glaciers  and ice sheets, etc. - Biosphere   the living organisms that populate the globe. - Atmosphere   surroundings of the globe
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- - All of these and their understanding helps us plan and manage  geography - He is a coastal geomorphologist and publishes on sediment transport,  especially wind sediment transport.   Five Themes of Geography: 1. Location   where things are: maps, grid systems, longitude/latitude  2. Place   for geographers, the place and attributes that make a location  unique and different from other locations. (Ex. New Orleans is different  from other cities b/c of it’s flooding being a concern, while L.A.’s  concerns are landslides, etc.) 3. Region  attributes and characteristics that a location shares with other 
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day 1 GEOG 2050 - Geography 2050 DAY 1 CHAPTER 1 What is...

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