edci 2400 foundations of multicultural education

edci 2400 foundations of multicultural education -...

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CHAPTER 1: Foundations  of Multicultural Education   Louisiana State University    
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What Types of Diversity Exists in America’s Schools?
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Why Multicultural Education? Educators are faced with the challenge to prepare students from  diverse backgrounds for life in a rapidly changing society. By 2020, minority students are projected to be half of the elementary  and secondary school populations.  However, the race and sex of the students’ teachers do not match  that of the students. The United States has become both a multicultural nation and a  multi-religious society. Teachers must help students affirm cultural differences while  realizing that individuals across cultures have many similarities. S.C.W., Ph.D.
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Concepts of Multicultural Education CULTURE  –  Learned, shared, adaptation, dynamic. ENCULTURATION   – Process of acquiring characteristics of a given culture and  becoming competent in its language and ways of behaving and knowing.  SOCIALIZATION  –  Process of learning the social norms of the culture.  ETHNOCENTRISM  –  Inability to view other cultures as equally viable alternatives for  organizing reality.  CULTURAL IDENTITY  –  Based on traits and values learned as part of our ethnicity,  religion, gender, age, socioeconomic status, primary language, geographic region,  place of residence, and abilities.  PLURALISM  – 
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