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Exam 4 study guide

Exam 4 study guide - PSY 101 Exam 4 Study Guide...

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PSY 101 Exam 4 Study Guide Movie: Elling Abnormal Psychology Thomas Szasz – “Strictly speaking, disease or illness can affect only the body; hence there can be no mental illness… Minds can be ‘sick’ only in the sense that jokes are ‘sick’ or economies are ‘sick.’” People have a right to be different; abnormal behavior usually involves a deviation from social norms rather than an illness. Medical model – It is the view that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease. Diagnosis vs. Prognosis Diagnosis – distinguishing one illness from another. Prognosis – a forecast about the probable cause of an illness. Criteria Outside of the norm Interferes with functioning Causes physical danger to anyone and/or patient’s personal distress DSM IV & axes DSM IV o Diagnostic scientific Manual o 5 Axes I – Clinical syndromes II – Personality disorders III – Medical conditions Medication can cause syndromes IV – Psychosocial problems How person gets along with other people in their life V – Global assessment of functioning Determine that the person needs to be institutionalized Anxiety Disorders - (Excessive apprehension) Generalized anxiety disorder o Not brought about by any specific thought o Occupies every aspect of their life Phobic disorder o Irrational fear of a particular object or situation o Caused by something specific, Spiders, Heights, etc. Panic disorder o For no reason they freak out o Sweating, increased heart rate o Not tied to a particular event Agoraphobia
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o Fear of public places o Will no go out into public and will not find help for themselves o Need outside funding to leave home Obsessive-Compulsive disorder o Obsessive obtrusive thoughts o The need to engage in unnecessary rituals Fear of Contamination The need to constantly wash their hands Obsessive checking behavior Checking the locks all the time Post-traumatic stress disorder o Enduring psychological disturbance from a traumatic event War Veterans Can’t live with anyone Occurs sometimes among rape victims A lot of anxiety, anger, guilt Often sometimes will not occur until months after the event Etiology of anxiety disorders Genetics Neurochemicals Classical and Operant Conditioning Cognitive Personality Stress Somatoform Disorders - (Physical ailments with no organic basis) Somatization disorder o Someone has a history of medical conditions o Go to doctor for different symptoms Conversion disorder o Less prevalent in society, but more prevalent in Freud’s days o Loss of function in a single organ system with no physical basis Arm, Leg, Half of body Hypochondrias o Pre-Occupations with becoming seriously ill o No organic bases o Can be occupied with themselves of someone else like their child Etiology of somatoform disorders Personality o Histrionic people over exaggerate Cognitive o
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