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Running head: FORCED DISPLACEMENT AND GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE IN NIGERIA Forced Displacement and Gender-Based Violence in Nigeria Name: Institution Affiliation:
2 FORCED DISPLACEMENT AND GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE IN NIGERIA Forced Displacement and Gender-Based Violence in Nigeria Introduction African women face many challenges ranging from gender-based violence, exclusion from peace tables, and limited participation in many aspects of political and public life. Forced migration leads to significant shifts in gender values and gender roles since women and girls experience conflict-related forced displacement differently from men. In sub- Saharan Africa, civil wars and internal armed conflicts are the primary sources of forced displacement, and women and girls suffer the most since they tend to be weaker, have less education and employment opportunities. During times of war, women are not valued as men since their roles fall on the traditional and reproductive functions in the society rather than participate in battles and peace tables (Zenn, 2013). In Nigeria, internal displacements caused by the insurgency, inter-ethnic conflicts, farmers' clashes, and natural disasters shifts gender values and gender roles, leading to negative impacts on women and children. This paper focuses on the plight of forcibly displaced women in Nigeria in the hands of Boko Haram and how traditional feminine gender roles expose them to risks of sexual abuse, economic and financial difficulties, and deprivations. First, the role of gender in displacement opens up issues about gender inequality and the perception of women in society. In most African countries, including Nigeria, women are perceived as wives and unequal in the community, and this influences the process and responses to forced migration. Forced displacement in Nigeria lives millions of women and children internally displaced and living in camps, which leads to problems such as sexual and gender-based violence. Boko Haram is a terrorist group based in Nigeria that operates and follows the Islamic religion and doctrine and has terrorized the citizens of Nigeria for many years, mainly targeting women and young girls (Sonneveld, 2014). The traditional roles and
3 FORCED DISPLACEMENT AND GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE IN NIGERIA values of women in society place them in greater vulnerability since women are expected to be oppressed by the male gender and meet the demands of men. In Nigeria, women are perceived as weak. They have limited positions in making decisions and expressing opinions making them a target of the Boko Haram insurgency leading to forced displaced and gender-based violence. Boko Haram has shown the molestation of Nigerian women, and this situation has led to the analysis of how gender roles and values shift during conflict-related forced displacement (Jacobson, 2013). The forced displaced, and Boko Haram uprising in Nigeria helps in evaluating the challenges facing African women and African women's strength and ability to overcome these challenges with the help of relevant government authority and society in general. The 1.8 million internally

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