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attachment-11.ashx - Terms Cult of Domesticity The term...

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Terms: Cult of Domesticity – The term used to characterize the role of women in the mid-nineteenth century as the ones who should stay home and care for the children and house. In addition, women would hold the role of teaching morals and having religious influence. As this would bring the idea that women were the guardians of the household while men went to work in the growing field of industrialized labor, the economic impact of women would decrease.
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Domestic Slave Trade – Due to the banning of slave trade overseas, the importation of slaves outside of the United States could not occur. In addition, a shift from Tobacco farming in the Upper South that had a surplus of slaves to the small plantations’ demand for more slaves to care for crops like cotton in the Lower South led to the domestic slave trade, dubbed the “Second Middle Passage.” Slave families were often dispersed along the Mississippi River to gulf ports like Galveston. Atlanta, St. Louis, and New Orleans set up the triangular trade route that resembled the First Middle Passage. Cotton Gin – A revolutionary invention by Eli Whitney in 1793. This device increased the productivity of slaves by an estimated ratio of fifty to one compared to someone removing the seeds of cotton by hand. Not only did this improve the productivity of the short-staple cotton, but it also reduced the production cost of cotton and gave life for the demand of more slaves. Election of 1860 – A monumental election in which Abraham Lincoln won by a landslide even though his victory was due to Electoral College victories only in the Northern states. Two major things occurred which led to the result: 1) The Republican Party Platform gained huge Northern support with Lincoln’s stressed values of preserving the Union rather than expressing his personal view about matters such as slavery. The platform would call for a focus on economic matters such as a transcontinental railroad, while wanting to halt the expansion of slavery. This appealed to ex-Whig members and renegade Democrats in the North. 2) The Democratic Party split into two sections. One came into play that supported Stephen Douglas’ firm commitment to popular sovereignty. The other supported John Brackenridge’s platform for federal protection to secure slave owning territories. However, Lincoln’s victory would further tear the nation. While the South had already started the secession movement, the victory would seal the decision to get out of the Union. Crittenden Compromise – An action proposed by John Crittenden in 1860 to meet in the middle with the South by extending the Missouri Compromise Line west into the Pacific. By doing so, this would protect slavery in the South while the North could remain slave free. Initially supported by Republican Party, the plan would be denied as Lincoln would stand firm on his decision to be against the expansion of slavery.
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