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attachment-12.ashx - History Review for Final 1. Describe...

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Unformatted text preview: History Review for Final 1. Describe the economic transformations of the market revolution and discuss how those changes helped to shape the social order of the Northern industrializing states. • Transportation o Roads o Steamboats Eerie Canal • Built up New York and Chicago • Increased settlement in West o Rail Roads Railroad companies brought about the birth of the modern business model (middle management) Steam engines brought about the first time in human history that we could move faster than horse over land • Communication o Telegraph Morse code Transatlantic cable Grew side by side with rail roads Mass circulated newspapers, before this could only have local news. Associated Press, etc. • Commerce & Industry o Transfer from merchant capitalism to modern industrial capitalism Birth of corporations • Limited liability laws • Made easier to start up New opportunities for upward mobility Dog eat dog; no regulation 50% wealth in 5% of hands o Factories Hand to machine: Home to factory Interchangeable parts o Textile industry Previously, the British had this market cornered, but a British man brought this technology to the States • Social Change o Rise of unskilled labor Labor unions emerge o Gender roles cemented Cult of domesticity o Working class culture develops o Rise of the middle class “values” • Hard work • morality Sentimentalism o Instant cities pop up High immigrant populations • Irish and German o nativism 2. How did cotton production after 1793 transform the social and political history of the South? How did slave owners justify slavery? How did their defense of slavery change over time? • How did cotton production change the social and political history of the south? o Cotton is king Slavery expands Westward There is a recommitment to slavery South feels defensive and anxious to start off with because they are one of the last places in the world to still practice slavery The North was producing textiles, creating demand for cotton grown on southern plantations Cotton gin, cotton becomes even more profitable Westward surges The North and England buy cotton from the south, and the south buys industrial products from the north, creating a positive feedback loop o Antebellum slave society Master/slave relationship important • Very hierarchal (all southern society) • White male head of household Agrarian ideal • America = nation of farmers Sectionalism developing o Domestic slave trade blossomed o Southern African American community Families very important even though marriages between slaves were not legally recognized • Masters encouraged these weddings to keep slaves content and under control, but they would often split up families Free blacks • Lived in the upper south or in cities • Southern whites uncomfortable with this o Feared they would inspire slave rebellions Religion •...
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2011 for the course PSYCH 1310 taught by Professor Meeks during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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attachment-12.ashx - History Review for Final 1. Describe...

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