Pituitary Paper

Pituitary Paper - Peter Rehder 714874731 Psych 220 Sec 001...

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Unformatted text preview: Peter Rehder 714874731 Psych 220 Sec 001 Pituitary Paper The Pituitary gland is a hormone secreting endocrine gland that is surrounded by the cerebral cortex of the brain. It is located just below and is attached to the hypothalamus. It is actually separated into to individual glands, the anterior pituitary and the posterior pituitary. Each of the two glands releases different hormones to organs throughout the body. These are known as releasing hormones, which travel to other endocrine glands, signaling them to discharge hormones. For this reason, the pituitary is known as the master gland, despite being controlled by the hypothalamus. The posterior pituitary is located behind the anterior pituitary. It can actually be considered an extension of the hypothalamus and is made up of neural tissue. The posterior pituitary releases two hormones to the body, vasopressin and oxytocin. Vasopressin is synthesized by the supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus, whereas oxytocin is synthesized by...
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