Grant Proposal

Grant Proposal - Pete Rehder 10/20/09 Engl 102i Cost and...

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Pete Rehder 10/20/09 Engl 102i Cost and Fuel-Efficiency of UNC Buses In recent years, the environment has become a major scientific, economic, and political issue as global warming has moved to the forefront of scientific research. Along with other factors, motor vehicle emissions have been one major cause of global warming. Because fossil fuels are becoming scarce, gas prices have risen drastically. As the environment degrades and fuel supply becomes insufficient, UNC needs to reduce spending on public transportation. Research has shown that using alternative fuels in buses have significantly decreased the expenditures on fuel (Sonntag et al. 2008). Determining which type of fuel-efficient bus is an important task in reducing university expenses. The research question is as follows: Which type of fuel-efficient bus will save UNC the most money on public transportation? This research project will conduct an experiment in which two bus types will be tested, the hybrid-electric bus and the conventional diesel bus, to determine which type of bus should be used by the university in order to reduce spending and emissions. Background Research Three scientific journal articles were chosen to determine the best suitable fuel-efficient technology for the UNC bus fleet. Tzeng et al. conducted a study of multiple fuel-efficient alternatives to current buses in use for public transportation including conventional diesel engines, compressed natural gas (CNG), liquid propane gas (LPG), fuel cell, methanol, electric vehicles (opportunity charging and interchangeable batteries), and hybrid-electric vehicles (2005). The researchers used multiple criteria such as energy efficiency, emissions, technologies, and facilities, to determine the most fuel efficient and practical alternative to the conventional
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Pete Rehder 10/20/09 Engl 102i gasoline bus (Tzeng et al. 2005). This article is very useful in determining which type of vehicle should be used as a fuel-efficient alternative in Chapel Hill by comparing the available options. The second article is an overview of a study that compared two hybrid cars, the Toyota
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2011 for the course ENGLISH 102i taught by Professor Redeker during the Fall '09 term at UNC.

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Grant Proposal - Pete Rehder 10/20/09 Engl 102i Cost and...

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