Geog 1113_Chapter 1

Geog 1113_Chapter 1 - CHAPTER 1 What is Human Geography?...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
C HAPTER 1 What is Human Geography?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
D EFINING G EOGRAPHY | Geography: to write about or describe the Earth y Geo = earth + graphia = writing | 2 main branches y Physical focuses on environmental dynamics | EX: water movement, landform formation, etc. y Human focuses on social dynamics | EX: population migration, ethnic identity, etc. y Some geographers study environment-society dynamics, which spans both sides of the discipline | EX: impact of fossil fuel consumption, social consequences of global climate change, etc. 2
Background image of page 2
S UBFIELDS O F H UMAN G EOGRAPHY 3
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
N ATURE ULTURE | Nature: the physical environment | Culture: social creation consisting of shared beliefs and practices that is part of a complex system y Dynamic y People influence the system and the system influences people | Nature-culture dualism: separation of nature from culture (nature is NOT culture and vice versa) y Led to ranking of societies with those viewed as closer to nature being more primitive | Cultural ecology: idea of people as part of nature y Studies the relationship between people and the physical environment 4
Background image of page 4
N ATURE ULTURE | Environmental determinism: belief that natural factors control the development of humans, both physiologically and mentally | Greeks believed climate and location determined human diversity y Smartest people came from temperate zone (Mediterranean area) 5
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
N ATURE ULTURE | Criticisms of environmental determinism y Overly simplistic cause-and-effect relationship | What is the role of free will? | Non-environmental factors (government and laws) influence behaviors y Similar natural settings do not create the same culture or human behavior y Leads to ethnocentric interpretations of social differences | Greek civilization flourished because of its location in a temperate climate 6
Background image of page 6
N ATURE ULTURE | Possibilism: belief that people respond to conditions or constraints of their natural environment y Nature limits people’s choices or opportunities y Environment has some influence, but is not sole or strongest factor affecting people | Human agency: ability of people to modify their surroundings y In 1920s, Carl Sauer introduced idea that humans transformed natural landscapes into cultural landscapes y Nature is a social construction created through shared ideas and perceptions 7
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ATURE ULTURE | Earth as dynamic, integrated system y People are closely connected with natural world in two ways | Earth operates as system of diverse components that work together in complex ways | Earth is constantly changing because of natural and human- induced events | EX: Earthquakes, tsunamis, etc. | EX: Increase of Greenhouse gases, soil erosion due to overcultivation, etc. 8
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 49

Geog 1113_Chapter 1 - CHAPTER 1 What is Human Geography?...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online