Geog 1113_Chapter 5

Geog 1113_Chapter 5 - Geographies of Religion 3 common...

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Unformatted text preview: Geographies of Religion 3 common aspects of religions Monotheistic: the belief in or devotion to a single entity Polytheistic: the belief in or devotion to multiple entities Atheistic: the belief that there is no deity 2 Animistic religion: the veneration of spirits or deities associated with natural features (e.g. rocks, trees, mountains, etc.) Syncretic religion: the blending of beliefs and practices, usually the result of contact between people who practice different religions 3 Cosmogony: an explanation of the beginning of the world Influences people’s sense of belonging and attachment to place Australian Aborigines call this Dreamtime or Dreaming 4 2 board categories of religions Universalizing: a belief system that is worldwide in scope, welcomes all people as potential adherents, and may also work to actively acquire converts ▪ EX: Ethnic: a belief system largely confined to the members of a single ethnic or cultural group ▪ EX: 5 6 3 categories Abrahamic faiths: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Vedic faiths: Hinduism and Buddhism Sikhism 7 Originated in Middle East 13 million Jews globally 5 million in U.S. 5 million in Israel Holy book is the Torah Covenant between God and Abraham that makes Jews “the chosen people” 8 2.3 billion adherents Largest religion in the world Originated in Middle East Holy book is The Bible 3 major branches Roman Catholic Eastern Orthodoxy Protestant 9 10 11 1.65 billion adherents 2 nd largest religion in the world World’s fastest growing religion Originated in Arabian Peninsula Holy book is the Qur’an 2 main branches Sunnis Shiites 12 13 5 Pillars of Practice 1. Shahadah ▪ Profession of faith 2. Prayer ▪ 5 times daily facing Mecca...
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course GEOG 1113 taught by Professor Bays during the Fall '10 term at Oklahoma State.

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Geog 1113_Chapter 5 - Geographies of Religion 3 common...

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