Geog 1113_Chapter 6

Geog 1113_Chapter 6 - CHAPTER 6 Geographies of Identity:...

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CHAPTER 6 Geographies of Identity: Race, Ethnicity, Sexuality, and Gender
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Race 2 2 critical principles Human identity is dynamic and contingent, and therefore cannot be easily categorized Efforts to classify people into groups tend to exaggerate the differences among people, especially visible differences
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Race 3 What is race? In 18 th Century, Swedish naturalist Carolus Linnaeus developed four major groups African American (Native American) Asiatic European Some scholars say as few as 3 races; others say as many as 30
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Race 4 Tiger Woods Barack Obama
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Race 5 Eva Mendes Sammy Sosa
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Racism 6 Ideology: a system of beliefs and values that justify the views, practices, or orientation of a group Racism: the intolerance of people perceived to be inherently or genetically inferior
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Racism 7 European colonization and settlement of the Americas contributed significantly to development of racism 1676, Bacon’s Rebellion in Virginia threatened white elites Enlightenment in Europe developed racial differences based upon inferiority Great Chain of Being shaped European ideas during 1600s and 1700s
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Racism 8
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Racism 9 3 key aspects of Great Chain of Being Setup Chain of Being as natural construction God-given hierarchy Emphasized differences between people and linked those differences to ideas about genetic and intellectual inferiority and inequality Whiteness became the standard for measurement
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Racism 10 European imperialism accelerated diffusion of racism Racism justified European dominance and colonization Also reinforced European power Led to segregation of colonial towns Perpetuated slave trade
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Racism 11
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Racism Human trafficking: forced or fraudulent recruitment of workers in exploitative conditions Debts often passed on from each generation 12
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Geographies of Race & Racism 13 Institutional discrimination: a situation in which the policies, practices, or laws of an organization or government disadvantage people because of their cultural differences EX: EX: EX:
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Racism in Vancouver’s Chinatown 14 Chinese immigrants arrived in Vancouver, B.C., as gold prospectors and laborers in mid-1800s Drawn to Vancouver by Fraser Canyon Gold Rush of 1858 and later to work on Canadian Pacific Railway Many came from San Francisco, but also later from China itself
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Racism in Vancouver’s Chinatown 15
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Racism in South Africa 16 Apartheid: in South Africa, the government- sponsored policy of racial segregation and discrimination that regulated the social relations and opportunities of its people from 1948 to 1991/94 Means “apartness”
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course GEOG 1113 taught by Professor Bays during the Fall '10 term at Oklahoma State.

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Geog 1113_Chapter 6 - CHAPTER 6 Geographies of Identity:...

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