Unformatted text preview: well-being
(Roberts & Chapman, 2000), positive affect (Watson & Walker, 1996),
and self-confidence (Haan et al., 1986). In contrast, McGue et al. (1993)
found decreases in stress reaction and alienation in young adulthood.
Viken et al. (1994) found decreases in Neuroticism in young adulthood.
Likewise, Holmlund (1991) reported decreases in guilt from ages 15 to
25. Other studies have shown that the transition from adolescence to
young adulthood is characterized by increasing self-acceptance (Stein
et al., 1986) and decreasing negative emotionality (Carmichael &
McGue, 1994; Watson & Walker, 1996). Although mixed, the preponderance of evidence supports the hypothesis that Neuroticism decreases
during the college years.
Only a few studies have examined longitudinal changes in traits related
to Agreeableness. Haan et al. (1986) reported different patterns of change
for men and women in young adulthood: Men tended to decrease in
warmth, whereas women tended to increase. Holmlund (1991) found no
changes in affiliation, but decreases in aggression in young adulthood.
Likewise, McGue et al. (1993) reported decreases in aggression from
ages 20 to 30. Finally, Helson and Moane (1987) reported increases in
the CPI scale of tolerance in young adulthood, which has modest correlations with measures of Agreeableness (Gough & Bradley, 1996). Thus,
the bulk of the longitudinal evidence suggests an increase in Agreeableness in young adulthood. Consistent with this, cross-sectional research
shows that college students tend to be lower in Agreeableness than older
adults (e.g., Costa & McCrae, 1994b).
Taken together, previous research on personality change during young
adulthood supports the hypothesis that Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness will increase, Neuroticism will decrease,
and Extraversion will not show any normative change. Personality Change 623 Rank-Order Stability Several longitudinal studies have examined the rank-order stability of
personality during the college years, although none using a measure of
the Big Five. Roberts and DelVecchio’s (2000) meta-analysis of longitudinal personality research confirmed two major conclusions: The rankorder stability of personality te...
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This note was uploaded on 12/02/2010 for the course PSYCH PSY BEH P2 taught by Professor Susanturkcharles during the Fall '10 term at UC Irvine.
- Fall '10