We would like to highlight a few possibilities that

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Unformatted text preview: earch is to examine the mechanisms Personality Change 635 that underlie stability and change in personality during young adulthood. Caspi and others have outlined a number of possible mechanisms that might be involved in personality stability and change (Caspi, 1998; Caspi & Roberts, 1999; Roberts, 1997). We would like to highlight a few possibilities that we believe are particularly relevant to young adulthood. First, some theorists have hypothesized that personality stability is simply the result of living in a stable environment (e.g., Moss & Susman, 1980). In the present study, most of the participants remained in the same university environment throughout the period examined. This raises the possibility that we would have found less stability if we had examined participants during the transition into or out of college, or participants who were engaged in a more diverse range of life activities (e.g., entry into the workforce). Second, as we noted earlier, some of the changes we observed may reflect maturational changes that occur during adolescence and young adulthood. Specifically, some theorists hypothesize that neuro-developmental changes associated with adolescence (including changes in neural circuitry and hormonal changes associated with puberty) produce profound disturbances in psychological functioning (Hall, 1904; Simmons, Blyth, Van Cleave, & Bush, 1979). Thus, the decline in Neuroticism observed in the present study may have reflected a “recovery” from the generally elevated levels of anxiety and depression that may occur during adolescence. Third, according to Erikson and other lifespan developmental theorists, adolescence often entails a questioning of one’s identity and a subsequent transformation of self and identity. Identity consolidation, the continued investment in and evaluation of life choices made in adolescence has been shown to predict increases in ego resiliency in young adulthood (Pals, 1999). Thus, personality development might occur in tandem with identity development, and this possibility merits further research....
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This note was uploaded on 12/02/2010 for the course PSYCH PSY BEH P2 taught by Professor Susanturkcharles during the Fall '10 term at UC Irvine.

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