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1introduction1_students_wfilm

1introduction1_students_wfilm - Chapter 1 Introduction to...

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Chapter 1: Introduction to Linguistics OVERVIEW 1. What is linguistics? (definition) 2. What does linguistics include? (subfields) 3. Research assumptions (basic ideas) 4. Common misconceptions (mistaken notions about language) 5. Properties of language 1. What is linguistics? a. Linguistics is the scientific study of natural language i. Natural language: ii. Scientific study: 2. What does linguistics include? a. Form (language structure) i. Phonetics ( sounds of language) ii. Phonology ( sound patterns and sound restrictions) iii. Morphology (how words are formed) iv. Syntax (how sentences are formed) v. Discourse analysis (units larger than the sentence) b. Meaning i. Semantics (language meaning) ii. Pragmatics (language use) c. Interdisciplinary subfields i. Anthropological linguistics (relationship between language and culture ) ii. Applied linguistics (linguistics applied to language teaching ) iii. Computational linguistics ( computer modeling of language) iv. Historical linguistics (study of how language changes over time) v.
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