2phonetics_POA1

2phonetics_POA1 - 1 Phonetics (II): Articulatory Phonetics...

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1 Phonetics (II): Articulatory Phonetics FL 325 Linguistics for Foreign Language 2 Overview 1.Describing consonants 1.Place of Articulation 2.Manner of articulation 3.Voicing 2.Describing vowels 1.Backness (front / central / back) 2.Height (high / mid / low) 3.Rounding (rounded / unrounded) 4.Tenseness (tense / lax) 3 Describing consonants: Major considerations 1.Place of articulation 2.Manner of articulation 3.Voicing / aspiration –VO T (voice onset time) – phonation – state of the glottis (analogy) 4 5 6 Place of articulation •Lips (bilabial ) –b ay, b ee, b uy -- [b] –p ay, p ee, p ie -- [p] –m ay, m e, m y -- [m] 7 Place of articulation •Lip+teeth (labiodental ) –f ee, f oe, ph one, laugh -- [f] –v eal, v ain, v ote -- [v] 8 Place of articulation • Teeth ( dental / interdental ) –th ing, th ink, th ick -- [ θ ] –th at, th ose, th ere, th em --
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9 Place of articulation • Alveolar ridge (alveolar ) –d ay, d ie, d o -- [d] –t ea, t ie, t oe -- [t] –n ew, n o, kn ow, kn ight -- [n] –s ay, s ee, c ent, c ell -- [s] –z oo, z one, teas e, los er -- [z] –l ay, l ie, l ow -- [l] –r ight, r ow, r ich -- [ ɹ ] 10 Place of articulation •Palato-alveolar (not alveopalatal ) –sh y, sh oe, mot ion, miss ion, spec ial -- [ ʃ ] –meas ure, vis ual -- [ ʒ ] –ch at, ch eat, ch ew, mat ure -- [ ʧ ] –j ade, j udg e, g iant, g ing er, g entle -- [ ʤ ] 11 Place of articulation •Hard palate (palatal ) –y et, y ear, y ou -- [j] 12 Place of articulation •Soft palate / velum (velar ) –g ay, g uy, g o, g oose -- [g] –k ey, k ite, c ar, c old, ch orus -- [k] –s ing , rang , wrong , sin k, Lin coln -- [ ŋ ] 13 Place of articulation •Lips and velum (labiovelar ) –w ay, w ide, w ith -- [w] 14 Place of articulation •(Uvular ) – – French and German [ ʁ ] (inverted small capital r) 15 Describing consonants: Place of articulation •(Pharyngeal ) – c.f. Arabic 16 Place of articulation •Glottis / Vocal folds (Glottal ) –h ere, h igh, h ole -- [h] – glottal stop [ ʔ ] E.g., button
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E.g., I can t answer . British (non-standard) cockney/estuary English butt er , bett er 17 EXERCISE •What is the place of articulation of the initial consonant of the word "sure"? •ANSWER: palato-alveolar 18 EXERCISE •What is the place of articulation of the initial consonant of the word "cent"? •ANSWER: alveolar 19 EXERCISE •What is the place of articulation of the initial consonant of the word "cat"? •ANSWER: velar 20 EXERCISE •What is the place of articulation of the initial consonant of the word "jade"? •ANSWER: palato-alveolar 21 EXERCISE •What is the place of articulation of the initial consonant of the word "yes"? •ANSWER: palatal
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2phonetics_POA1 - 1 Phonetics (II): Articulatory Phonetics...

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