5syntax_intro1

5syntax_intro1 - Overview Background Syntax (I) Syntax:...

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1 Syntax (I) FL 325 Linguistics for Foreign Language 2 Overview • Background Syntax: definition –T y p e s o f S y n t a x • Syntax: components –L e x i c o n (words and word classes) •W o r d s •M o r p h o s y n t a c t i c f e a t u r e s (e.g. parts of speech) Computational system (rules and derivations) •M e r g e •M o v e 3 Where are we? (within linguistics) SOUND WORD (phrase) (clause) SENTENCE phonetics phonology
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7 Grammar vs syntax • Grammar as syntax • Grammar as syntax and morphology • Grammar as syntax, morphology, phonology and phonetics 8 Types of syntax (a.k.a. "grammar") Functional grammar (a.k.a. systemic grammar) Focus on the act of communication Used widely in the field of language teaching Formal grammar Focus on abstract elements and relations Seeks mathematical precision and economy Used widely in the field of theoretical linguistics 9 Types of syntax: formal grammar •E X A M P L E : Generative syntax (Noam Chomsky) Theoretical underpinnings: • Innateness Hypothesis (c.f. "poverty of stimulus" argument) • Universal Grammar (UG) 10 Types of syntax: formal grammar • EXAMPLE: Generative syntax (Noam Chomsky) –E v o l u t i o n Transformational Grammar Syntactic Structures (1957) Deep Structure vs Surface Structure •X - B
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course FL 325 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at S.F. State.

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5syntax_intro1 - Overview Background Syntax (I) Syntax:...

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