features_rules1ss

features_rules1ss - 3.2 PHONOLOGICAL FEATURES 1 Types of...

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1 3.2 PHONOLOGICAL FEATURES 1. Types of phonological features (pp.82-83) a. Major class features b. Manner features c. Voicing features (laryngeal features) d. Place features 2. Major class features a. [±syllabic]: z [+syllabic]: true vowels [vowel that is syllable nucleus] (or syllabic liquid/nasal) z [-syllabic]: glides, liquids, nasals, fricatives, affricates, stops b. [±consonantal]: z [-consonantal]: vowels, glides, (and glottals) z [+consonantal]: stops (including nasals), fricatives, affricates, and liquids c. [±sonorant] z [+sonorant]: vowels, glides, liquids, and nasals (singable sounds; naturally voiced) z [-sonorant]: stops (not including nasals), fricatives, and affricates 3. Manner features a. [±continuant] z [+continuant]: vowels, glides, fricatives z [-continuant]: stops (including nasals) and affricates b. [±nasal] z [+nasal]: nasal consonants (and nasalized vowels) z [-nasal]: non-nasals c. [±lateral] – typically used for consonants only z [+lateral]: [l] and [l]-like fricatives and approximants (see IPA chart) z [-lateral]: everything except [l]-like sounds d. [±delayed release] – typically used for consonants only z [+delayed release]: affricates z [-delayed release]: not affricates 4. Voicing features (laryngeal features) a. [±voice]: z [+voice]: voiced segments z [-voice]: voiceless segments b. [±spread glottis] ([±asp]) – typically used for consonants only z [+asp]: aspirated segments (including [h]) z [-asp]: unaspirated segments
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2 5. Place features a. TWO FORMATS: (i) Binary: [±feature] z Two options: plus or minus z Binary features written in lowercase letters (ii) Monovalent: [FEATURE] z No plus or minus z Features is either present or absent altogether z Written in uppercase letters z Reserved for major articulators (e.g., LABIAL, CORONAL, DORSAL) b. [LABIAL]: 1. labial consonants (bilabial, labiodental); 2. rounded vowels and rounded glide [w] z [±round] – [ ± round] appears only under the LABIAL feature; it cannot appear if the segment is not LABIAL ¾ [+round]: rounded vowels and rounded glides ¾ [-round]: labial obstruents (bilabial and labiodental consonants) c. [CORONAL]: dentals, alveolars, and palato-alveolars z [±anterior] [ ± anterior] appears only under the CORONAL feature; it cannot appear if the segment is not CORONAL ¾ [+anterior]: interdentals and alveolars ¾ [-anterior]: palato-alveolars z [±strident] [ ± strident] appears only under the CORONAL feature; it cannot appear if the segment is not CORONAL ¾ [+strident]: "noisy" sounds -- [s], [z], [ ʃ ], [ ʒ ], [ ʧ ], [ ʤ ] ¾ [-strident]: "non-noisy" sounds [
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features_rules1ss - 3.2 PHONOLOGICAL FEATURES 1 Types of...

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