tone3sandhi

tone3sandhi - Applying Linguistic Theory to the Sound...

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Applying Linguistic Theory to the Sound System of Modern Standard Chinese 由語言學理論看現代漢語語音 李文肇 Chris Wen-chao Li San Francisco State University
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M.A. Degree in Chinese / SFSU • 3 areas of study: 教學 Pedagogy 文學 Literature (Modern & Classical) 語言學 Linguistics 語言學理論 Linguistic Theory – Which theories? 哪些理論? – What use are they? 有什麼用處?
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哪些理論? Which theories? 共時角度 Synchronic linguistics: 語言結構 Structure of language 歷時角度 Diachronic linguistics: 歷史語言學 Historical linguistics 近代理論 喬姆斯基 Noam Chomsky 生成語法學 Generative syntax
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哪些理論? Which theories? 共時角度 Synchronic linguistics: 語言結構 Structure of language Articulatory phonetics 生理語音學 •S u p r a s e g m e n t a l s 超音段 Syllable structure 音節結構 Phonological structure 音韻結構 (underlying vs surface structures) Optimality theory 優選理論 Morphology 構詞學
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哪些理論? Which theories? 歷時角度 Diachronic linguistics: 歷史語言學 Historical linguistics Sound change 音變 Weakening 弱化作用 (lenition) Deletion 刪音 Palatalization 顎化作用 Assimilation 同化作用 (vowel fronting 母音前化 ) Dissimilation 異化作用 –U m l a u t 母音音變 Phonological reconstruction 古音擬構 Philology 文獻學 / 聲韻學 (e.g., 反切 ) Language contact 語言接觸 / Stratificatiion 語言分層
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哪些理論? Which theories? 近代理論 生成語法學 Generative grammar ( 喬姆斯基 Noam Chomsky) •M a r k e d n e s s 標記性理論 Universal Grammar 通用語法 Native speaker intuition 語言直覺
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Two Issues
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Issue 1: 三聲連讀變調 Tone 3 Sandhi Phenomenon "When a third tone is followed by another third tone, the first syllable changes into the second tone." – 3 + 3 --> 2 + 3 •( Interactions I: A Cognitive Approach to Beginning Chinese , 1997)
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Issue 1: 三聲連讀變調 Tone 3 Sandhi Phenomenon "When a third tone is followed by another third tone, the first syllable changes into the second tone." 3 + 3 --> 2 + 3 •H O W (process 過程描述 ) • WHY (factors 造成原因 )
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