Biology_as_a_Science

Biology_as_a_Science - Biology as a Science CP Biology...

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Biology as a Science CP Biology
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Science as Inquiry As we have discussed, biology is the study of life. But how is biology science? What does it mean if something is scientific? What sort of things do scientists do? What does it mean to say “science as inquiry?”
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Science as Inquiry Scientists ask many questions about their surrounding environment Scientists seek to answer those questions by making observations-the use of senses to gather and record info. It is when these observations are recorded, that the recordings become data .
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Science as Inquiry Many times scientists come up with more questions via the discovery of new things- discovery science Example the fungus Penicillium discovered by Alexander Fleming (Does the word Penicillium sound familiar?)
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Science as Inquiry Alexander Fleming developed Penicillin via discovery of the fungus Penicillium However, Fleming would never have discovered this unless he had come to the logical conclusion that something in the fungus destroyed the bacteria Alexander Fleming made an inference.
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Science as Inquiry A third way scientists question is through hypothesis based science Much of science is approached this way What is a Hypothesis? A suggested answer to a well-defined scientific question.
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The Scientific Process How does one know if the results of the test support the hypothesis? What is the outcome of the test?
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During the testing phase of a controlled experiment, scientists will set-up a test that contains various types of variables. A variable is a condition that can differ within the experiment. For example: Early scientists that felt light was involved in photosynthesis, would test what kind of light is best by exposing plants to differing colors of light. So what is the variable in this experiment?
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Martin during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Biology_as_a_Science - Biology as a Science CP Biology...

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