chapter3 Organic molecules 2011

chapter3 Organic molecules 2011 - The Chemistry of Life:...

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The Chemistry of Life: Chapter 3 Organic compounds are those where carbon atoms are covalently bonded to one another to form a backbone to a molecule. Their diversity goes from simple to complex; evolution provides an explanation for the similarities of molecules that constitute cells and tissues, as well as regulate their activities Carbon is the central component of organic compounds
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All Life is Related
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Hydrocarbons (Fig 3:1) Organic compounds Each C can form 4 covalent bonds
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Structural isomers: Ethanol Dimethyl ether Stereo isomers: trans-2-butene cis -2-butene Enantiomers Isomers (Fig 3:3)
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Class of Compound Functional Group General Formula Example Name alcohol -OH (hydroxyl) R-OH ethanol (ethyl alcohol) aldehyde (carbonyl) R-CHO Acetaldehyde (ethanol metabolite) ketone (carbonyl) R-CO-R' Acetone (solvent) carboxylic acid (carboxyl) R-COOH Amino acid (weakly acidic) biology.clc.uc.edu/courses/bio104/ carbon .htm Polar groups make the molecule more hydrophilic
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Acidic and Basic Groups (Table 3:1)
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Polymers and Macromolecules (Fig 3:5) Polymers Macromolecules
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Martin during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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chapter3 Organic molecules 2011 - The Chemistry of Life:...

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