H_Bio_-_answer_key_for_ch_12_and_13_review_guide -...

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PAGE 1: Complete the table: a. isolated “nuclein”; analyzed and found it is an acid that is rich in phosphorous b. Griffith c. Mimicked Griffith’s work with bacteria & mice & found that DNA is the transforming factor (molecule of heredity) d. Confirmed that DNA is the transforming factor (experiment used phage and bacteria) Label-match: 6. deoxyribose (B) 7. phosphate group (G) 8. purine (C) 9. pyrimidine (A) 10. purine (E) 11. pyrimidine (D) 12. nucleotide (F) PAGE 2: General DNA questions 22. DNA is a simple molecule common to every organism. Because its letters can vary so much in their sequence, an enormous array of proteins can be made (resulting in a vast array of organismal diversity) 23. All the nucleotides on one side are “upside down” compared to the other side. Thus, the sugars, phosphate groups, and N-bases all run opposite on the two strands.
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Unformatted text preview: Transcription: 15. C 16. B 17. E 18. A 19. D Label-Match: 21. gene or transcription unit (E) 22. intron (B) 23. 5cap (F) 24. exon (A) 25. poly-A tail (D) 26. mature mRNA transcript (C) PAGE 3: Mutations: 2. mutagens 3. substitution 4. amino acid 5. hemoglobin 6. transcription Translation: 9. A. Initiation 9. B. Elongation 9. C. Termination 10. AUG UUC UAU UGU AAU AAA GGA UGG CAG UAG 11. UAC AAG AUA ACA UUA UUU CCU ACC GUC AUC 12. Methionine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, cysteine, asparagine, lysine, glycine, tryptophan, glutamine, STOP. PAGE 4: 7. DNA (H) 8. transcription (J) 9. introns (E) 10. exon (A) 11. mature mRNA transcript (B) 12. tRNA (C) 13. rRNA subunits (G) 14. mRNA (no letter matches up!) 15. anticodon (K) 16. amino acid (D) 17. tRNA (F) 18. ribosome/mRNA complex (I or G) 19. polypeptide (M)...
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