Mitosis - Mitosis Prokaryotic cell Have their genetic...

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Mitosis
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Prokaryotic cell Have their genetic material DNA in a single ring
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Genetic Material EUKARYOTIC cells’ genetic material occurs in threadlike strands of DNA and proteins call chromatin
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Chromosomes Are rod-like structures of compact DNA and proteins that form when the cell is preparing to divide
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Chromatids Are the two identical copies of DNA that comprise chromosomes
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Centromere Protein structure that joins together the chromatin forming an “x”
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Human Cells Have 23 different chromosomes. Have two copies of each chromosome in each body cell /somatic cell called Homologous chromosomes or homologues
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Diploid Are cells with two homologues of each chromosomes Symbol 2N describes the diploid number of chromosomes In Humans diploid 2N=46 N = the number of different chromosomes a cell contains I m a g e h a s b e e n s c a l e d d o w n . See full-size image.
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Haploid Have only one set of homologue Designated as 1N Example are Gametes (sex cells)
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course BIO 101 taught by Professor Martin during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Mitosis - Mitosis Prokaryotic cell Have their genetic...

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