9df11f1f7372ec7bffff9030ffffe417

9df11f1f7372ec7bffff9030ffffe417 - The derrick or mast is...

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     
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The derrick or mast is the universally recognized symbol of oil well drilling, a steel tower that may rise 120 feet above a rig floor. Derricks and masts look much the same and do the same job, but they are used at different types of drilling sites. Its legs sit on the corners of the rig floor, and the crew must disassemble it to move it. 
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 A mast on the other hand, is portable. It fits into a frame that may sit on the rig floor or on the ground. The crew can fold or telescope it down to move it. Most land rigs use masts because masts are so much easier to move than derricks .
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The most important oil well ever drilled was in the middle of quiet farm country in northwestern Pennsylvania in 1859. For this was one of the first successful oil wells that was drilled for the sole purpose of finding oil. Known as the Drake Well, after "Colonel" Edwin Drake, the man responsible for the well, it began an international search for petroleum, and in many ways eventually changed the way we live. Woodford and Phillips wells, Tarr Farm, 1861
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The first great flowing well in the history of the oil industry was the Empire well on Funk Farm. Completed in September, 1861, it initially flowed at 3,000 barrels per day. This well also illustrated the turbulent nature of the oil industry in these early days. With an extra 3,000 barrels of oil flooding the market each day, the price of oil plummeted to 10 cents a barrel.
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The Phillips well, on the right, and the Woodford well, on the left. Located in the middle of Oil Creek Valley (note the river at the right of the photograph), these two wells showed the early promise of the Oil Regions. The Phillips well was the most
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course PRTR 1301 taught by Professor Christopherpaulk during the Spring '11 term at Lone Star College System.

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9df11f1f7372ec7bffff9030ffffe417 - The derrick or mast is...

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