d339397373f3d58affff8265ffffe415

d339397373f3d58affff8265ffffe415 - • Multiple companies...

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Crude Oil / Natural Gas Pipelines Pipeline Construction
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U.S. Pipelines
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Pipeline History WWII: Pipelines increased dramatically during and after Prewar levels = 50,000 BBLS/Day Postwar levels = 754,000 BBLS/Day Companies east of the Rockies increased daily movements by 60% between 1941 and 1945. Trans Alaska Pipeline: 48” Diameter pipeline, runs from Prudhoe Bay to Port Valdez (801 miles) Capable of delivering 2 million barrels/day Handling facilities at Valdez terminal can load tankers at 110,000 BBLS/HR.
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How it Works Field Gathering systems: Pump Station Systems: Gathering Station: Station Tank Farm: Pump Station Manifold:
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Field Gathering Systems
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Pump Station Systems Tanks: For receiving and holding Pumping Station Trunkline Example: Trans Alaska Trunkline Pumping Station
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Pump Station Manifold
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Control of Oil Movements Sent in “Batches” Pipeline Scheduler creates a schedule of delivery for the batches of oil in pipeline
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Unformatted text preview: • Multiple companies can use the same pipeline and even buy each others oil, if needed. • Oil in pipeline can be transported to different locations at different times and intervals. Transmix Natural Gas Pipelines • Conditioning and Compression – Gas pipelines use pressure from compressors to move the gas down line. – Gas is conditioned by use of heaters, dehydrators, and separators for travel through the pipeline. • Automation – Many of the substation (Rural areas) utilize computer controls for monitoring and management • Odorants – Are added to the gas when used for residential and industrial for safety (chemical called: Mercaptan) – Natural Gas is odorless Pipeline Construction • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A-9u37Wnq • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GVouSi0cY • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rm7fzaaoH • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Phqum0y1n...
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course PRTR 1301 taught by Professor Christopherpaulk during the Spring '11 term at Lone Star College System.

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d339397373f3d58affff8265ffffe415 - • Multiple companies...

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