SocW582_F11_Session6

SocW582_F11_Session6 - Attachment Theory Alfred Prez...

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Unformatted text preview: Attachment Theory Alfred Prez University of Illinois at Chicago Jane Addams College of Social Work September 27, 2011 http://vimeo.com/19805976 Definition of Attachment Any theory that is used for practice should have both explanatory and predictive power. Its role within practice situations should assist the analysis of what is observed and help to predict what will happen if nothing is done and, if that is judged unacceptable, help point the way toward planning intervention and predicting the result. Definition of Attachment An enduring emotional tie to a special person, characterized by a tendency to seek and maintain closeness, especially during times of stress. Roots of Attachment Theory John Bowlby applied ethology to infants Influenced by Konrad Lorenz Infants innate behaviors are evolved responses which promote survival Importance of Attachment Implications for infant's sense of security Affects internal working model Freud, Erikson, Behaviorists described its impact on development Bowlbys Four Stages of Attachment Preattachment phase Birth - 6 weeks Babys innate signals attract caregiver Caregivers remain close by when the baby responds positively Attachment in the Making 6 wks to 6-8 months Develops a sense of trust that caregiver will respond when signaled Infants respond more positively to familiar caregiver Babies don't protest when separated from parent Clear-cut Attachment 6-8 months to 18-24 months Babies display separation anxiety Babies protest when parent leaves Formation of Reciprocal Relationship 18 mo - 2yrs Toddlers increase their understanding of symbols and language improves Toddlers understand that parents will return Factors which Affect Attachment Opportunity for attachment Quality of caregiving respond promptly and consistently interactional synchrony the sensitively tuned emotional dance Infant characteristics infant's temperament, special needs, prematurity, or illnesses More Factors which Affect Attachment Family circumstances Stress can undermine attachment Parents internal working models Parents own attachment experiences Parents ability to accept their past Secure Attachment Self. "I am good, wanted, worthwhile, competent, and lovable." Caregivers. "They are appropriately responsive to my needs, sensitive, dependable, caring, trustworthy." Life. "My world feels safe; life is worth living." Insecure Attachment Self. "I am bad, unwanted, worthless, helpless, and unlovable." Caregivers. "They are unresponsive to my needs, insensitive, hurtful, and untrustworthy." Life. "My world feels unsafe; life is painful and burdensome." Measuring the Quality of...
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2011 for the course SOCW 582 taught by Professor Alfredperez during the Fall '11 term at Ill. Chicago.

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SocW582_F11_Session6 - Attachment Theory Alfred Prez...

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