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Lesson 2 - Which of the following are properties of Carbon...

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Which of the following are properties of Which of the following are properties of Carbon which are central to its function as Carbon which are central to its function as the main component of organic compounds? Can from four covale.. Cannot bond with he... Through bonding wit... All of the above Only two of the above 0 0 0 0 0 1. 1. Can from four Can from four covalent bonds covalent bonds 2. 2. Cannot bond with Cannot bond with helium helium 3. 3. Through bonding Through bonding with other atoms, it with other atoms, it can form straight or can form straight or branched chains as branched chains as well as rings well as rings 4. 4. All of the above All of the above 5. 5. Only two of the Only two of the above above Carbon Atoms Carbon Atoms form four form four covalent bonds covalent bonds single, double, or triple single, double, or triple straight or branched chains straight or branched chains rings rings bond with many different elements bond with many different elements
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Organic Molecules Organic Molecules Chains Chains Organic Molecules Organic Molecules Double bonds Double bonds
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Dimethyl ether (C 2 H 6 O) Ethanol (C 2 H 6 O) Isomers Isomers Structural isomers Structural isomers different covalent arrangements (a) Structural isomers. Structural isomers differ in the covalent arrangement of their atoms. Isomers Isomers Geometric isomers Geometric isomers ( cis cis– trans trans isomers) isomers) different spatial arrangements different spatial arrangements cis -2-butene (b) Geometric isomers. Geometric, or cis–trans , isomers have identical covalent bonds but differ in the order in which groups are arranged in space. trans -2-butene
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Isomers Isomers Enantiomers Enantiomers mirror images mirror images (c) Enantiomers. Enantiomers are isomers that are mirror images of one another. The central carbon is asymmetrical because it is bonded to four different groups. Because of their 3-D structure, the two figures cannot be superimposed no matter how they are rotated.
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