Chapter2 - Chapter 2 Victimization and Criminal Behavior CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice Dr Michael Blankenship Learning Objectives Our

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1 Chapter 2 Victimization and Criminal Behavior CJ 101 – Introduction to Criminal Justice Dr. Michael Blankenship Learning Objectives b Our discussion will focus on… s factors affecting victimization s how individual and structural factors affect the risk of criminal victimization s costs of criminal victimization and how they are calculated s different theories of criminal behavior s policy implications of the respective theories about the causes of crime Victimology 1. Who is victimized? 2. What is the impact of crime? 3. What happens to victims? 4. How do victims contribute to their victimization?
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2 Who is victimized? b Probability of victimization not equal b Demographics matters c Race c Gender c Age c Lifestyle c Socioeconomic status c Urban Victimization by Age Victimization by Race
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3 Victimization by Gender Circumstances b most victimizations occur in large urban areas b most incidents occur in the evening hours b most likely sites are open public areas b overwhelming number of incidents involve only one victim b most serious crimes take place after 6 p.m. Lifestyle-Exposure Model Of Victimization
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4 Violent Crime is Intraracial What is the Impact of Visible Crime? b Economic Costs = $105 billion/year s loss of property s lower productivity s medical care b Psychological Costs = $450 billion/year s pain s trauma s lost of quality of life b Costs of operating the criminal justice system = $167 billion / yr
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5 Fear of Crime b Americans’ fears of crime exceed actual victimization risks b People experience crime indirectly, rather than directly s Views are shaped by the media b Newspapers b Television programs, including local news programs s Fear of crime can limit the amount of freedom we possess b Demographics matter The Experience of Victims within the Criminal Justice System b Victims not the focus of the criminal justice system s crimes are committed against the State s focus on catching and punishing offender b Too often the system not sensitive to the needs of victims b State and federal laws s establish victims’ rights s more symbolic than functional Victimization Summary b Victims sometimes contribute to their own victimization – victim precipitation s should not blame the victim s should try to educate and prevent victimization b crime prevention S target hardening b be aware of your risk factors
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course CJ 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Fall '09 term at Boise State.

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Chapter2 - Chapter 2 Victimization and Criminal Behavior CJ 101 Introduction to Criminal Justice Dr Michael Blankenship Learning Objectives Our

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