21 Introduction to Mesoamerica

21 Introduction to Mesoamerica - Mesoamerica Mesoamerica...

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Unformatted text preview: Mesoamerica Mesoamerica The Americas Americas Tarahumar Huastec a Tlaxcalan Huichol s Totonac Toltec Teotihuacan Mexica Tarascan (Aztec) Olmec Maya (Purepecha) Zapotec/ Mixtec Northern Mexico Northern Mexico Tarahumara Tarahumara and Yaqui Gulf Coast Gulf Coast Tuxtlas Tuxtlas Huastec and Totonac Huastec and Totonac Southern Highlands Southern Highlands Valley of Mexico Valley of Mexico Nahua Nahua Otomi Oaxaca Oaxaca Valley of Oaxaca Valley of Oaxaca Mixtec Zapotec Zapotec Chiapas and Chiapas and Guatemala Coast Chiapas and Chiapas and Guatemala Highlands Tzotzil Tzotzil Tzeltal Yucatan Peninsula Yucatan Peninsula Yucatec Maya Yucatec Maya Petén Pet Culture Traits of Mesoamerica Culture Traits of Mesoamerica Temple­Plaza Complex Temple­Plaza Complex Ballgame Ballgame Maize­based agriculture/diet Maize­based agriculture/diet Human Sacrifice Human Sacrifice Religious Beliefs Religious Beliefs Calendar 365-day year •18 20-day months •final period of 5 days 260 day year •20 day names combined with the numbers 1-13 Calendar Round •365 and 260 day calendars ran concurrently •combination of days repeated every 52 years Long Count •beginning 3114 B.C. •ending A.D. 2012 Writing Writing Jade Chocolate Chocolate Arithmetic Cultures of Mesoamerica: Olmec Cultures of Mesoamerica: Olmec Cultures of Mesoamerica: Zapotec Cultures of Mesoamerica: Zapotec Cultures of Mesoamerica: Teotihuacan Cultures of Mesoamerica: Teotihuacan Pyramid of the Sun Pyramid of the Sun Avenue of the Dead Avenue of the Dead Cultures of Mesoamerica: Maya Cultures of Mesoamerica: Maya Tikal Tikal Calakmul Calakmul Writin Writin g Cultures of Mesoamerica: Toltec Cultures of Mesoamerica: Toltec Cultures of Mesoamerica: Mixtec Cultures of Mesoamerica: Mixtec Cultures of Mesoamerica: Aztec Cultures of Mesoamerica: Aztec Cultures of Mesoamerica: P’urhépecha (Tarascan) Cultures of Mesoamerica: P’urh asas Grandes asas ahokia ahokia uth America (Ecuador) uth ...
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