geog exam 3

geog exam 3 - Exam3 19:40 WhyLatinAmerica...

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Exam 3 19:40 Why “Latin” America Spanish and Portuguese – Latin derivatives “Spanish America,” Spain’s colonial legacy, used since mid-20 th  century “Ibero-America,” Spain and Portugal’s colonial legacy, used since mid-20 th  century Other ways to split the region? South America: Countries from Panama south to Tierra del Fuego Central America: countries from Guatemala and Belize south to Colombia (technically  does not include Mexico) Middle America: Central America, Mexico , and Caribbean Caribbean: Island nations ad countries in the Caribbean Sea, Belize, Guyana,  Suriname, and French Guiana The physical environment Amazon River basin (Brazilian Shield) The Andres Mountains Uplands Amazon River Located in the Brazilian Shield (large upland plateau along the Atlantic) World’s largest river in terms of volume
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Amazon rainforest 60% of it is in Brazil represents ½ of world’s remaining rainforests Species-rich 1 in 10 of world’s species The Andes North-south mountain chain along western edge of South America, Venezuela to Tierra  del Fuego; world’s longest mountain chain Atacama Desert Driest desert in the world Altiplano Treeless high plains between two ranges of the Andes Mexican Plateau Tilted block of elevated land – 8,000 ft. in S at Mexico to 4,000 in N Ciudad Juarez Volcanic axis of central America Isthmus of Panama
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Formed 4 million yeas ago through tectonic activity Panama Canal  1880s French attempt > 20k deaths (malaria; yellow fever) U.S> completed project in 1914 NY to CA distance cut in ½ Reverted to Panama, 1999 Irish and the Irish Channel 1842 – 1940 close to river Latin America: Pre-Colombian civilizations and Iberian Conquest Pre-Colombian civilizations Maya (Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras) Aztecs (Central Mexico) Inca (Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina) Maya today: Southern Guatemala
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Maya today, Chiapas, Mexico Aztec Empire Fall of the Aztec Empire Tenochtitlan, Aztec capital, fell to Spanish 1521 Now in Mexico city Teotihuacan, Mexico Biggest city in the 11 th  century Inca Empire in the 1500s True descendants of the sun god Machu Picchu, Peru Iberian Conquest and Division Treaty of Tordesillas Pope drew N-S line 370 leagues W. of Cape Verde Islands,  Portuguese got lands E., Spain land W. Independence form Europe
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Racial Mixing Mestizo Historically term used by Spanish to describe individuals from the union of one  European and one Amerindian parent (half and half); today term generally used to  describe racial mixing Mestico In Brazil term used to describe individual of any mixture of ethnicities Mulato European and African ancestry Indigenous population and Politics: Evo Morales
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2011 for the course GEOG 1001 taught by Professor Baksi during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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geog exam 3 - Exam3 19:40 WhyLatinAmerica...

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