geog exam 2

geog exam 2 - Exam2 Europe Microstate...

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Exam 2 19:51 Europe  Microstate Sovereign state with small area (<1000 km ^2) Ex. Monaco, Andorra, San Marino, Vatican City Sub-regions Benelux  Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg A legal and economic union Scandinavia Norway, Sweden, Denmark (Iceland, Finland) Definition varies contact Relative location Near water – peninsulas and islands Center of land hemisphere Max contact with rest of world Landform regions
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European lowland SW France to NE Poland Meandering rivers reach Atlantic, North and Baltic Seas Alpine Mountain system Pyrenees west to Carpathians Alps at center Peaks at 15k Ft. Languages Latin -> Romance languages South and western Europe Ex. Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Rumanian Germanic -> Northern Europe Ex. English, German, Dutch, Swedish English, 20% Latin-derived Slavic A northern and southern language group Colonialism and nationalism European Empires
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Greek 800 to 86 B.C. Roman 100 B.C. 500 A.D. Muslims (Spain) 700 A.D. 1400s A.D. Roman Legacy Mercantilism A early modern European economic theory and system that actively supported the  establishment of colonies to supply colonizing countries with needed resources (natural  and human) and markets in order to create economic gain (more exports than imports) Colonialism Colonialism establishment of rule over a foreign population; political period from 1500  through mid-1950s when European states established colonies worldwide Industrial revolution (late 1700s – early 1800s) Then mechanization of production and the rise of the factory system Great Britain “the Workshop of the world” Post-colonialism contemporary political, economic, and territorial relationships between former colonial  powers and colonies
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Nationalism  Nation A group of people with a common culture occupying a particular territory; have shared  beliefs, ancestry, customs, language, and/or religion State A independent political unit with full sovereignty over a defined area (nation-state = state  with only one nation of people – very rare; pluralistic states = states containing several  nationalities)  Civic nationalism Allegiance to a  single state and support of its goals; can integrate different ethnic  groups into a unified population Ethnic nationalism Allegiance to ethnic characteristics (language, religion, culture, customs) Supranational Voluntary association of three or more states NATO 1949 W. Europe and US form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization HQ in Brussels, Belgium Treaty for mutual defense European Union 1952
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European Coal and Steel Community 1957 European Economic Community 1958 European Free Trade Agreement 1959 Brussels Treaty/ European Community 1993 Treaty of Maastricht/ Europeans Union
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geog exam 2 - Exam2 Europe Microstate...

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