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philosophy midter guidelines

philosophy midter guidelines - Philosophy Midterm...

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Philosophy Midterm Guidelines Philosophy/branches of philosophy Science Vs. Philosophy (Questions) Naïve realism Sentence/ Statement Argument (inductive/deductive) Valid/ invalid argument Truth-falsity Fallacy (formal/informal) Modus ponens/ modus pollens o FDA- FAC Division composition o Either or fallacies Sense data Idealism, solipsism Sensation Immaterialism Rationalism, empiricism Atheism/ theism/agnosticism Skepticism Phenomenally Innate ideas Descartes proof of gods existence Discuss Descartes o Universal doubt Discuss Russell’s essays on knowledge & existence of matter Indubitable knowledge Appearance/reality Bishop Berkeley Rene Descartes Russell Experience & knowledge (empirical knowledge) Galileo- Newtonian science- mathematical science-Aristotle’s science The mediations The method-systematic/universal
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Vocabulary Sentence : a group of symbols that make sense Statement : a sentence that makes an assumption (claim) Argument: a group of statements one which (conclusion) is claimed to follow from the other (premise) o Deductive: a deductive argument is any argument that claims to guarantee the conclusion. o Inductive : is an argument in which it is thought that the premises provide reasons supporting the probable truth of the conclusion.
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