ch_1_slides - Chapter 1 What is Human Geography? GEOG 1113...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 What is Human Geography? GEOG 1113 Fall 2011 Introducing Human Geography What is geography? Greek: geo = Earth; graphia = to write/describe Physical geography vs. cultural (human) geography Questions geographers ask: What? Where? Why? How? Introduction Human Geography Figure 1.1, pg. 6-7 Introducing Human Geography What is culture? Three key concepts of culture: 1. Learned behavior 2. Shared, collective behavior 3. Dynamic, not static Cultures vary internally Nature-culture relationship Cultural ecology Four Approaches to Nature-Culture 1. Environmental determinism The physical environment shapes culture Frigid Frigid Temperate Temperate Torrid Torrid Arctic Circle Tropic of Cancer Equator Tropic of Capricorn Antarctic Circle Greek World Climatic Zones (ca. 100 B.C.) Four Approaches to Nature-Culture 2. Possibilism Environment does shape culture BUT, people are ultimately in control of choices 3. Humans as modifiers of the Earth Cultural landscapes = built landscapes Four Approaches to Nature-Culture Deliberate modifications of the Earth Mining, logging, irrigation Unintentional modifications Plowing = soil erosion Greenhouse gas emissions = climate change Polders in The Netherlands Polders areas of land created by draining water Dikes embankments built up creating the polders Four Approaches to Nature-Culture 4. Earth as a dynamic, integrated system People and their environments are linked Cultural Landscapes and Regions...
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ch_1_slides - Chapter 1 What is Human Geography? GEOG 1113...

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