FirstMidtermReview_091911

FirstMidtermReview_091911 - Chapter One Outline Living with...

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Chapter One Outline Living with Earth I. Environmental Geology and You II. How People and Earth Interact a. Population b. Resource Consumption c. Technology d. Environmental Impact III. How Earth Systems Interact a. Energy and Systems b. Matter and Systems i. Reservoir ii. Flux iii. Residence Time c. Types of Systems IV. Role of Science in Decisions a. Scientific Method b. Scientific Hypotheses and Theories c. Science in Your Future i. Freshwater ii. Energy iii. Climate Change V. Sustainability a. Renewable Resources b. Biodiversity c. Carrying Capacity
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VI. Your Role Chapter Learning Objectives After studying this chapter, you should be able to: define environmental geology differentiate between open and closed systems recognize Earth as a closed system in space, the only known example capable of supporting life identify the four components of the Earth system identify factors involved in human population growth and their impacts on the Earth system cite the role of standard of living in determining human environmental impacts cite examples of hazardous environments for human settlement explain the role of reservoir size and flux in determining residence time explain the role of science in guiding human environmental decisions define sustainability describe a case in which carrying capacity was exceeded to the detriment of the local environment and human population Chapter Two Outline Earth Systems I. Defining Systems II. Origin of the Earth a. Earth Accretion and Differentiation – Nebular Hypothesis b. Origin of the Geosphere i. Earth’s Internal Composition ii. Earth’s Layered Structure c. Origin and Evolution of the Atmosphere i. First Atmosphere – Nebular Gases ii. Second Atmosphere – Volcanic Gases 1. Oceanic Interaction – Carbon Deposited in Geosphere 2. Biosphere Interaction – Photosynthesis Releases O 2
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iii. Third Atmosphere – Consequence of Life iv. Atmospheric Structure d. Origin of the Hydrosphere i. Source of Earth’s Water ii. Water Reservoirs in the Earth System iii. Global Ocean iv. Cryosphere – Glaciers and Ice Sheets v. The Water Cycle e. Origin of the Biosphere i. Origin of Life ii. Fossil Record. iii. Extinctions
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2011 for the course GEOL 1014 taught by Professor Aufill during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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FirstMidtermReview_091911 - Chapter One Outline Living with...

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