Bio Outline 1

Bio Outline 1 - SOME USEFUL WORD ROOTS FOR BIOLOGY: As we...

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SOME USEFUL WORD ROOTS FOR BIOLOGY: As we go through the semester, can you put some words we use next to these word roots? “di” or “dy”– two “bi” – two “-ose” – sugar “-ase”- enzyme “poly” – many “mono” one “eu” –true “kary” – kernel (nucleus) “pro”- before “-phobic” - fearing “-philic” – loving “endo” - within “ex” –out “lysis” break apart “pseudo” – false “pod”, “podia” – feet “cephalo” head “hypo” – low “hyper” –high, excessive “allo” – other “glyco-” sugar “an” – without “aero” – air (oxygen) “oxy” -oxygen “hemi” half “homo” – same “hetero” different “pheno”- show or see “photo”- light “auto” – self “troph”- feed “hydro” water “morph” – form or structure “co”- together “intra” within “inter” between “de”- remove 1
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Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children A J Wakefield, S H Murch, A Anthony, J Linnell, D M Casson, M Malik, M Berelowitz, A P Dhillon, M A Thomson, P Harvey, A Valentine, S E Davies, J A Walker-Smith The Lancet, Volume 351, Number 9103 28 February 1998 Summary Background We investigated a consecutive series of children with chronic enterocolitis and regressive developmental disorder. Methods 12 children (mean age 6 years [range 3-10], 11 boys) were referred to a paediatric gastroenterology unit with a history of normal development followed by loss of acquired skills, including language, together with diarrhoea and abdominal pain. Children underwent gastroenterological, neurological, and developmental assessment and review of developmental records. Findings Onset of behavioural symptoms was associated, by the parents, with measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination in 8 of the 12 children. All 12 children had intestinal abnormalities. Behavioural disorders included autism (nine), disintegrative psychosis (one), and possible postviral or vaccinal encephalitis (two). Interpretation We identified associated gastrointestinal disease and developmental regression in a group of previously normal children, which was generally associated in time with possible environmental triggers (MMR vaccine) Thinking like a scientist, what types of questions should be asked and studied to determine if MMR vaccine causes autism? 2
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How Science Works Guided Reading Q’s (Read Sections 1.5-1.8) 1. Which of these questions would science NOT address? Why did the Oracle of Delphi speak the words of the ancient Greek god Apollo after breathing in the fumes near the floor of her temple? Do angels exist? Did humans and chimpanzees evolved from a common ape ancestor? 2. What is critical thinking?
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This note was uploaded on 10/10/2011 for the course BIOL 101 taught by Professor Hogan during the Fall '08 term at UNC.

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Bio Outline 1 - SOME USEFUL WORD ROOTS FOR BIOLOGY: As we...

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