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Chapter 13 Motivation - Dealing with attributions •...

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Chapter 13 Motivation Extrinsic motivation- involves doing something to obtain something else. (Means to an end) Intrinsic motivation- involves the internal motivation to do something for its own sake (end in itself) Self-determination Optimal experience and flow Interest Cognitive engagement and self-responsibility Attribution Theory- states that individuals are motivated to discover the underlying causes of their own performance and behavior Locus - students perception of success or failure as due to internal or external factors influences the self esteem Stability- a student’s perception of the stability of a cause of influences their expectation of success Controllability- a student’s perception of the controllability of a cause is related to a number of emotional outcomes such as anger, guilt, pity, and shame
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Unformatted text preview: Dealing with attributions: • Concentrate on the task at hand rather than failing • Cope with failures be retracing their steps to discover mistakes • Attribute their failures to a lack of effort rather than lack of ability Mastery Orientation-focuses on the task rather than on their ability, have positive affect, and generate solution-oriented strategies to improve performance Helpless Orientation-focus on their personal inadequacies, often attributes their difficulty to a lack of ability, and display negative affect. Performance Orientation-being concerned with outcome rather than with process Self-efficacy-the belief that one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes....
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