Comm 240 class notes

Comm 240 class notes - Comm 240 9/9 pg 43-62 -Lumieres-...

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Comm 240 9/9 pg 43-62 -Lumieres- founded film -began as supplement to penny arcades -first films not structured narratives, but shots of everyday scenes, many less than a minute- link between feature films and vaudeville -George Melies credited with narrative feature film and editing in 1896 - lap dissolve- fade out coinciding with gradual superimposition of new image first western- Great Train Robbery 1903 Edwin Porter -film known as the seventh art- to painting sculpture, etc -1915- dw Griffith birth of a nation- and 1915- Vachel Lindsay the Art of the Motion Picture, which served to elevate film to be considered a “great high art” -expressive film tries to “create its own world rather than reproduce the one we know” -Russian Filmmaker/critic Sergei Eisenstein- used editing to make expressive film— theory states that two images placed together create a new idea/feeling, ie face juxtaposed w loaf of bread –makes person appear hungry - formalism film theory- sees vision and sound as more important for meaning than content/subject –considers film as a transformation of the real, not capturing it realist film theory -documentary movement in 30s and 40s- moved realism forward—very popular in Europe- dominated by the trials and troubles of those in WWII Andre Bazin- saw meaning of film in the composition of the shot- the subject, instead of montage of shots (Eisenstein) believed in long shots in which audience can take in everything in shot MISE-EN-SCENE-importance of mise en scene shows shift from relationship between film and reality, and to film and viewer Auteur and genre - film associated with the director, certain style signature Genre films- westerns, musicals, gangster films—Hollywood directors respected bc of their canon of works Genre- way a group of narrative plot, character, location are organized into recognizable type of entertainement (ie western) -film theory- very much about cultural studies- how a culture produces meaning, sense, consciousness Film Art 9/14 chapter 1 Cinema- films for audiences both small and large 2 basic aspects of film art- form and style form- sum of parts of film- given shape by patterns, story lines, character traits style - way a film uses technique—four categories—1)mise en scene 2) cinematography 3) editing 4) sound film consists of series of frames critical flicker fusion---number of flashes of frames (early silent films had lower threshold hence “flickers” or “flicks”) apparent motion- if visual display is shown fast enough, eye is fooled into seeing movement
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camera- unexposed motion picture film from reel past lense and aperture to take up reel; the shutter admits light through the lens when each frame is unmoving and ready for exposure standard—24 frames/second projector- an inverted camera feature length film is a long ribbon of images- 2 miles/2 hour movie-film strip is a negative- positive print must be made for image to be projected contact printer- makes negative film projectable
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2011 for the course COMM 240 taught by Professor Shawnshimpach during the Fall '10 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Comm 240 class notes - Comm 240 9/9 pg 43-62 -Lumieres-...

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